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Is there an Environmental Kuznets Curve for South Africa? A Co-Summability Approach Using a Century of Data

Author

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  • Adnen Ben Nasr

    (Laboratoire BESTMOD, ISG de Tunis, Universite de Tunis, Tunisia.)

  • Rangan Gupta

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria, South Africa.)

  • Joao Ricardo Sato

    (Center of Mathematics, Computation and Cognition, Universidade Federal do ABC,Brazil.)

Abstract

There exists a huge international literature on the, so-called, Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis, which in turn, postulates an inverted u-shaped relationship between environmental pollutants and output. The empirical literature on EKC has mainly used test for cointegration, based on polynomial relationships between pollution and income. Motivated by the fact that, measured in per capita CO2 equivalent emissions, South Africa is the world’s most carbon-intensive non-oil-producing developing country, this paper aims to test the validity of the EKC for South Africa. For this purpose, we use a century of data (1911-2010), to capture the process of development better compared to short sample-based research; and the concept of co-summability, which is designed to analyze non-linear long-run relations among persistent processes. Our results, however, provide no support of the EKC for South Africa, implying that to reduce emissions without sacrificing growth, policies should be aimed at promoting energy efficiency.

Suggested Citation

  • Adnen Ben Nasr & Rangan Gupta & Joao Ricardo Sato, 2014. "Is there an Environmental Kuznets Curve for South Africa? A Co-Summability Approach Using a Century of Data," Working Papers 201466, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:201466
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    7. LAWSON, Laté A. & MARTINO, Roberto & NGUYEN-VAN, Phu, 2020. "Environmental convergence and environmental Kuznets curve: A unified empirical framework," Ecological Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 437(C).
    8. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Sinha, Avik, 2019. "Environmental Kuznets Curve for CO2 emission: A survey of empirical literature," MPRA Paper 100257, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2019.
    9. Louis Sevitnenyi Nkwatoh, 2022. "Zero-pollution effect and economic development: standard and nested environmental Kuznets curve analyses for West Africa," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 24(10), pages 11895-11910, October.
    10. Nilüfer Kaya Kanlı & Bige Küçükefe, 2023. "Is the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis valid? A global analysis for carbon dioxide emissions," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 25(3), pages 2339-2367, March.
    11. Aslan Alper & Gozbasi Onur, 2016. "Environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis for sub-elements of the carbon emissions in China," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 82(2), pages 1327-1340, June.
    12. Kristofer Månsson & B. M. Golam Kibria & Ghazi Shukur & Pär Sjölander, 2018. "On the Estimation of the CO 2 Emission, Economic Growth and Energy Consumption Nexus Using Dynamic OLS in the Presence of Multicollinearity," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 10(5), pages 1-11, April.
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    14. Anh-Tu Nguyen & Shih-Hao Lu & Phuc Thanh Thien Nguyen, 2021. "Validating and Forecasting Carbon Emissions in the Framework of the Environmental Kuznets Curve: The Case of Vietnam," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(11), pages 1-38, May.
    15. Seref Bozoklu & A. Oguz Demir & Sinan Ataer, 2020. "Reassessing the environmental Kuznets curve: a summability approach for emerging market economies," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 10(3), pages 513-531, September.
    16. Atif Awad & Mohammed Hersi Warsame, 2017. "Climate Changes in Africa: Does Economic Growth Matter? A Semi-parametric Approach," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 7(1), pages 1-8.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environmental Kuznets Curve; CO2 emissions; Output; Co-summability; South Africa;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling

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