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Economic growth and global particulate pollution concentrations

Listed author(s):
  • David I. Stern

    ()

    (Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University)

  • Jeremy van Dijk

    (Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences, Australia)

Though the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) was originally developed to model the ambient concentrations of pollutants, most subsequent applications focused on pollution emissions. Yet, previous research suggests that it is more likely that economic growth could eventually reduce the concentrations of local pollutants than emissions. We examine the role of income, convergence, and time related factors in explaining changes in PM2.5 pollution in a global panel of 158 countries between 1990 and 2010. We find that economic growth has positive but relatively small effects, time effects are also small but larger in wealthier and formerly centrally planned economies, and, for our main dataset, convergence effects are small and not statistically significant. There is no in-sample income turning point for regressions that include both the convergence variables and a set of control variables.

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File URL: https://ccep.crawford.anu.edu.au/sites/default/files/publication/ccep_crawford_anu_edu_au/2016-03/ccep1604.pdf
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Paper provided by Centre for Climate Economics & Policy, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University in its series CCEP Working Papers with number 1604.

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Date of creation: Feb 2016
Handle: RePEc:een:ccepwp:1604
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