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Economic growth and particulate pollution concentrations in China

Author

Listed:
  • David I. Stern

    () (Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University)

  • Donglan Zha

    () (College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics)

Abstract

Though the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) was originally developed to model the ambient concentrations of pollutants, most subsequent applications have focused on pollution emissions. Yet, it seems more likely that economic growth could eventually reduce the concentrations of local pollutants than emissions. We examine the role of income, convergence, and time related factors in explaining recent changes in PM 2.5 and PM 10 particulate pollution in 50 Chinese cities using new measures of ambient air quality that the Chinese government has published only since the beginning of 2013. We use a recently developed model that relates the rate of change of pollution to the growth of the economy and other factors as well as the traditional environmental Kuznets curve model. Pollution fell sharply from 2013 to 2014. We show that economic growth, convergence, and time effects all served to lower the level of pollution. The results also demonstrate the relationship between the two modeling approaches.

Suggested Citation

  • David I. Stern & Donglan Zha, 2016. "Economic growth and particulate pollution concentrations in China," CCEP Working Papers 1603, Centre for Climate Economics & Policy, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  • Handle: RePEc:een:ccepwp:1603
    as

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    File URL: https://ccep.crawford.anu.edu.au/sites/default/files/publication/ccep_crawford_anu_edu_au/2016-02/ccep1603.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Economic Growth and Particulate Pollution Concentrations in China
      by noreply@blogger.com (David Stern) in Stochastic Trend on 2016-02-25 12:00:00
    2. Mid-Year Update
      by noreply@blogger.com (David Stern) in Stochastic Trend on 2016-06-01 08:40:00
    3. Missing Coefficient in Environmental Economics and Policy Studies Paper
      by noreply@blogger.com (David Stern) in Stochastic Trend on 2016-08-10 08:32:00
    4. Annual Review 2016
      by noreply@blogger.com (David Stern) in Stochastic Trend on 2016-12-26 17:08:00
    5. Annual Review 2017
      by noreply@blogger.com (David Stern) in Stochastic Trend on 2017-12-28 02:26:00

    Citations

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    as


    Cited by:

    1. Maralgua Och, 2017. "Empirical Investigation of the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis for Nitrous Oxide Emissions for Mongolia," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 7(1), pages 117-128.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    air pollution; economic growth; environmental Kuznets curve; China;

    JEL classification:

    • O44 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Environment and Growth
    • P28 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Natural Resources; Environment
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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