The Environmental Kuznets Curve at Different Levels of Economic Development: A Counterfactual Quantile Regression Analysis for CO2 Emissions
This paper applies the quantile fixed effects technique in exploring the CO 2 environmental Kuznets curve within two groups of economic development (OECD and non-OECD countries) and six geographical regions - West, East Europe, Latin America, East Asia, West Asia and Africa. A comparison of the findings resulting from the use of this technique with those of conventional fixed effects method reveals that the latter may depict a flawed summary of the prevailing income-emissions nexus depending on the conditional quantile examined. The paper also extends the Machado and Mata decomposition method to the Kuznets curve framework to explore the most important explanations for CO 2 emissions gap between OECD and non-OECD countries. We find a statistically significant OECD--non-OECD emissions gap and the decomposition reveals that there are non-income related factors working against the non-OECD group's greening. We tentatively conclude that deliberate and systematic mitigation of current CO 2 emissions in the non-OECD group is required.
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- David I. Stern, 2012. "Ecological Economics," Crawford School Research Papers 1203, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
- Natina Yaduma & Mika Kortelainen & Ada Wossink, 2013.
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- Perman, Roger & Stern, David I., 2003. "Evidence from panel unit root and cointegration tests that the Environmental Kuznets Curve does not exist," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 47(3), September.
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