IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

CO2 emissions and economic activity: heterogeneity across countries and non stationary series

  • Matías Piaggio

    ()

    (Department d’Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

  • Emilio Padilla

    ()

    (Department d’Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

This paper explores the homogeneity of the functional form, the parameters, and the turning point, when appropriate, of the relationship between CO2 emissions and economic activity for 31 countries (28 OECD, Brazil, China, and India) during the period 1950 to 2006 using cointegration analysis. With a sample highly overlapped over time between countries, the result reveals that the homogeneity across countries is rejected, both in functional form and in the parameters of long term relationship. This confirms the relevance of considering the heterogeneity in exploring the relationship between air pollution and economic activity to avoid spurious parameter estimates and infer a wrong behavior of the functional form, which could lead to induce that the relationship is reversed when in fact it is direct.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://www.ecoecoes.es/wp-content/plugins/download-monitor/download.php?id=65
File Function: First version, December 2010
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Asociación de Economía Ecológica en España in its series Documentos de Trabajo de la Asociación de Economía Ecológica en España with number 01_2010.

as
in new window

Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:res:dtecoe:01_2010.pdf
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Departamento de Economía, Métodos Cuantitativos e Historia Económica, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Carretera de Utrera Km. 1, 41013 Sevilla (Spain)

Phone: (+34) 954 349361
Web page: http://www.ecoecoes.es
Email:


More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. -, 2000. "Economic survey of United States, 1999," Oficina de la CEPAL en Washington (Estudios e Investigaciones) 28796, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  2. -, 2000. "Global economic developments, 1999," Sede Subregional de la CEPAL para el Caribe (Estudios e Investigaciones) 27471, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  3. Cole, M.A. & Rayner, A.J. & Bates, J.M., 1997. "The environmental Kuznets curve: an empirical analysis," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 401-416, November.
  4. Grossman, G.M & Krueger, A.B., 1991. "Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement," Papers 158, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Public and International Affairs.
  5. -, 2000. "Evolución de la economía brasileña," Informe Estadístico – Oficina de la CEPAL en Brasilia 27987, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  6. McCONNELL, KENNETH E., 1997. "Income and the demand for environmental quality," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 383-399, November.
  7. Joseph Lekakis, 2000. "Environment and Development in a Southern European Country: Which Environmental Kuznets Curves?," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(1), pages 139-153.
  8. Martin Wagner & Georg Müller-Fürstenberger, 2004. "The Carbon Kuznets Curve: A Cloudy Picture Emitted by Bad Econometrics?," Diskussionsschriften dp0418, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
  9. Richard T. Carson, 2010. "The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Seeking Empirical Regularity and Theoretical Structure," Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 4(1), pages 3-23, Winter.
  10. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
  11. -, 2000. "Evolución de la economía brasileña," Informe Estadístico – Oficina de la CEPAL en Brasilia 27983, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  12. Shafik, Nemat & Bandyopadhyay, Sushenjit, 1992. "Economic growth and environmental quality : time series and cross-country evidence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 904, The World Bank.
  13. Song, Tao & Zheng, Tingguo & Tong, Lianjun, 2008. "An empirical test of the environmental Kuznets curve in China: A panel cointegration approach," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 381-392, September.
  14. Halicioglu, Ferda, 2008. "An econometric study of CO2 emissions, energy consumption, income and foreign trade in Turkey," MPRA Paper 11457, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  15. Iwata, Hiroki & Okada, Keisuke & Samreth, Sovannroeun, 2010. "Empirical Study on the Determinants of CO2 Emissions: Evidence from OECD Countries," MPRA Paper 21520, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  16. De Bruyn, Sander M., 1997. "Explaining the environmental Kuznets curve: structural change and international agreements in reducing sulphur emissions," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 485-503, November.
  17. Susmita Dasgupta & Benoit Laplante & Hua Wang & David Wheeler, 2002. "Confronting the Environmental Kuznets Curve," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(1), pages 147-168, Winter.
  18. Iwata, Hiroki & Okada, Keisuke & Samreth, Sovannroeun, 2010. "Empirical study on the environmental Kuznets curve for CO2 in France: The role of nuclear energy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 4057-4063, August.
  19. -, 2000. "Evolución de la economía brasileña," Informe Estadístico – Oficina de la CEPAL en Brasilia 27991, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  20. repec:ecr:col114:28022 is not listed on IDEAS
  21. Engle, Robert & Granger, Clive, 2015. "Co-integration and error correction: Representation, estimation, and testing," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 39(3), pages 106-135.
  22. -, 2000. "Evolución de la economía brasileña," Informe Estadístico – Oficina de la CEPAL en Brasilia 27990, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  23. Vollebergh, H.R.J. & Dijkgraaf, E. & Melenberg, B., 2005. "Environmental Kuznets Curves for CO2 : Heterogeneity Versus Homogeneity," Discussion Paper 2005-25, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  24. Hannes Egli, 2004. "The environmental Kuznets curve : evidence from time series data for Germany," CER-ETH Economics working paper series 03/28, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH) at ETH Zurich.
  25. ., 2000. "Ideology and analysis in macroeconomics," Chapters, in: Macroeconomic Instability and Coordination, chapter 18 Edward Elgar Publishing.
  26. Selden Thomas M. & Song Daqing, 1994. "Environmental Quality and Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution Emissions?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 147-162, September.
  27. Roger Perman & David I. Stern, 2003. "Evidence from panel unit root and cointegration tests that the Environmental Kuznets Curve does not exist," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 47(3), pages 325-347, 09.
  28. Deacon, Robert & Norman, Catherine S, 2004. "Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?," University of California at Santa Barbara, Economics Working Paper Series qt6gm8164w, Department of Economics, UC Santa Barbara.
  29. Dinda, Soumyananda & Coondoo, Dipankor, 2001. "Income and Emission: A Panel Data based Cointegration Analysis," MPRA Paper 50591, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Mar 2003.
  30. -, 2000. "Evolución de la economía brasileña," Informe Estadístico – Oficina de la CEPAL en Brasilia 27985, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  31. Friedl, Birgit & Getzner, Michael, 2003. "Determinants of CO2 emissions in a small open economy," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 133-148, April.
  32. Gene M. Grossman & Alan B. Krueger, 1995. "Economic Growth and the Environment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(2), pages 353-377.
  33. List, John A. & Gallet, Craig A., 1999. "The environmental Kuznets curve: does one size fit all?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 409-423, December.
  34. CARSON, RICHARd T. & JEON, YONGIL & McCUBBIN, DONALD R., 1997. "The relationship between air pollution emissions and income: US Data," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 433-450, November.
  35. Menyah, Kojo & Wolde-Rufael, Yemane, 2010. "Energy consumption, pollutant emissions and economic growth in South Africa," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 1374-1382, November.
  36. Matías Piaggio, 2008. "Relación entre la contaminación atmosférica y la calidad del aire con el crecimiento económico y otros determinantes : Uruguay a lo largo del Siglo XX," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 08-01, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
  37. Jordi Roca & Emilio Padilla & Mariona Farré & Vittorio Galletto, 2001. "Economic growth and atmospheric pollution in Spain: discussing the environmental Kuznets curve by hypothesis," Working Papers wp0101, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
  38. -, 2000. "Meeting held on engendering macroeconomic policy," Sede Subregional de la CEPAL para el Caribe (Estudios e Investigaciones) 2, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  39. -, 2000. "Economic survey of Canada, 1999," Oficina de la CEPAL en Washington (Estudios e Investigaciones) 28797, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  40. Torras, Mariano & Boyce, James K., 1998. "Income, inequality, and pollution: a reassessment of the environmental Kuznets Curve," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 147-160, May.
  41. Martinez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada & Bengochea-Morancho, Aurelia, 2004. "Pooled mean group estimation of an environmental Kuznets curve for CO2," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 121-126, January.
  42. Antonio Musolesi & Massimiliano Mazzanti & Roberto Zoboli, 2010. "A panel data heterogeneous Bayesian estimation of environmental Kuznets curves for CO2 emissions," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(18), pages 2275-2287.
  43. Peter-J Jost, 0. "The Economics of Organization and Coordination," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 13332.
  44. N/A, 2000. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 173(1), pages 43-65, July.
  45. Roca, Jordi & Padilla, Emilio & Farre, Mariona & Galletto, Vittorio, 2001. "Economic growth and atmospheric pollution in Spain: discussing the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 85-99, October.
  46. N/A, 2000. "The world economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 172(1), pages 3-3, April.
  47. -, 2000. "Evolución de la economía brasileña," Informe Estadístico – Oficina de la CEPAL en Brasilia 27986, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  48. Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso & Aurelia Bengochea-Morancho, 2003. "Testing for an environmental Kuznets curve in Latin-American countries," Revista de Analisis Economico – Economic Analysis Review, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines, vol. 18(1), pages 3-26, June.
  49. -, 2000. "Evolución de la economía brasileña," Informe Estadístico – Oficina de la CEPAL en Brasilia 27988, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  50. Vincent, Jeffrey R., 1997. "Testing for environmental Kuznets curves within a developing country," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 417-431, November.
  51. de Bruyn, S. M. & van den Bergh, J. C. J. M. & Opschoor, J. B., 1998. "Economic growth and emissions: reconsidering the empirical basis of environmental Kuznets curves," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 161-175, May.
  52. ., 2000. "Inflation and economic performance," Chapters, in: Macroeconomic Instability and Coordination, chapter 8 Edward Elgar Publishing.
  53. Moomaw, William R. & Unruh, Gregory C., 1997. "Are environmental Kuznets curves misleading us? The case of CO2 emissions," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 451-463, November.
  54. -, 2000. "Evolución de la economía brasileña," Informe Estadístico – Oficina de la CEPAL en Brasilia 27992, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  55. Jalil, Abdul & Feridun, Mete, 2011. "The impact of growth, energy and financial development on the environment in China: A cointegration analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 284-291, March.
  56. Roger Perman & David I. Stern, 1999. "The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Implications of Non-Stationarity," Working Papers in Ecological Economics 9901, Australian National University, Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, Ecological Economics Program.
  57. Shen, Junyi, 2006. "A simultaneous estimation of Environmental Kuznets Curve: Evidence from China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 383-394.
  58. Massimiliano Mazzanti & Antonio Musolesi, 2011. "Income and time related effects in EKC," Working Papers 201105, University of Ferrara, Department of Economics.
  59. -, 2000. "Evolución de la economía brasileña," Informe Estadístico – Oficina de la CEPAL en Brasilia 27984, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  60. Stern, David I. & Common, Michael S. & Barbier, Edward B., 1996. "Economic growth and environmental degradation: The environmental Kuznets curve and sustainable development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(7), pages 1151-1160, July.
  61. Marjolein C.J. Caniëls, 0. "Knowledge Spillovers and Economic Growth," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 1936.
  62. Panayotou, Theodore, 1997. "Demystifying the environmental Kuznets curve: turning a black box into a policy tool," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 465-484, November.
  63. Matthew Cole, 2005. "Re-examining the pollution-income relationship: a random coefficients approach," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 14(1), pages 1-7.
  64. N/A, 2000. "The world economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 173(1), pages 3-3, July.
  65. N/A, 2000. "At a Glance ... The UK economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 173(1), pages 2-2, July.
  66. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Lee, Jun-De, 2009. "Income and CO2 emissions: Evidence from panel unit root and cointegration tests," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 413-423, February.
  67. Johansen, Soren, 1991. "Estimation and Hypothesis Testing of Cointegration Vectors in Gaussian Vector Autoregressive Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(6), pages 1551-80, November.
  68. N/A, 2000. "The world economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 174(1), pages 3-3, October.
  69. G. M.P. Swann, 0. "The Economics of Innovation," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 13211.
  70. M. Hashem Pesaran & Yongcheol Shin & Richard J. Smith, 2001. "Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(3), pages 289-326.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:res:dtecoe:01_2010.pdf. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jesús Ramos-Martín)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.