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Evidenzbasierte Wirtschaftspolitik in Deutschland: Defizite und Potentiale

Author

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  • Boockmann Bernhard

    (IAW, Universität Tübingen und IZA)

  • Buch Claudia M.

    (Deutsche Bundesbank)

  • Schnitzer Monika

    (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München und CEPR)

Abstract

Moderne Evaluationsmethoden auf der Basis ökonometrischer Verfahren und randomisierter Feldexperimente machen es für immer mehr Politikbereiche möglich, die Wirksamkeit wirtschaftspolitischer Maßnahmen zu überprüfen. Gleichwohl sind diese Methoden in der deutschen Evaluationspraxis nicht der Standard. Andere Länder sind Deutschland in dieser Hinsicht voraus. Gerade vor dem Hintergrund knapper öffentlicher Mittel ist eine Verbesserung der Evaluationspraxis dringend geboten, um die Mittelverwendung auf solche Maßnahmen fokussieren zu können, deren Wirksamkeit nachgewiesen ist. In diesem Beitrag werden institutionelle Voraussetzungen für methodisch valide Wirkungsanalysen diskutiert und mögliche Schritte hin zu einer stärker evidenzbasierten Wirtschaftspolitik in Deutschland vorgeschlagen.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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  • Boockmann Bernhard & Buch Claudia M. & Schnitzer Monika, 2014. "Evidenzbasierte Wirtschaftspolitik in Deutschland: Defizite und Potentiale," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 15(4), pages 307-323, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:pewipo:v:15:y:2014:i:4:p:307-323:n:3
    DOI: 10.1515/pwp-2014-0024
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    1. Weimann Joachim, 2015. "Die Rolle von Verhaltensökonomik und experimenteller Forschung in Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Politikberatung," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 16(3), pages 231-252, October.
    2. Brachert, Matthias & Brautzsch, Hans-Ulrich & Dettmann, Eva & Giebler, Alexander & Schneider, Lutz & Titze, Mirko, 2020. ""Evaluation der Gemeinschaftsaufgabe 'Verbesserung der regionalen Wirtschaftsstruktur' (GRW)" durch einzelbetriebliche Erfolgskontrolle: Endbericht," IWH Online 5/2020, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    3. Rinne, Ulf & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2014. "Zutritt zur Festung Europa? Neue Anforderungen an eine moderne Asyl- und Flüchtlingspolitik," IZA Standpunkte 75, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Bernd Fitzenberger & Annabelle Doerr, 2016. "Konzeptionelle Lehren aus der ersten Evaluationsrunde der Branchenmindestlöhne in Deutschland [Conceptual lessons from the evaluation studies on sectoral minimum wages in Germany]," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 49(4), pages 329-347, December.
    5. Clemens Fuest, 2018. "Soziale Marktwirtschaft: Exportschlager oder Auslaufmodell?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 71(21), pages 35-45, November.
    6. Jana Stoever & John P. Weche, 2018. "Environmental Regulation and Sustainable Competitiveness: Evaluating the Role of Firm-Level Green Investments in the Context of the Porter Hypothesis," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 70(2), pages 429-455, June.
    7. Schmidt Christoph M., 2014. "Wirkungstreffer erzielen – Die Rolle der evidenzbasierten Politikberatung in einer aufgeklärten Gesellschaft," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 15(3), pages 219-233, October.
    8. Brachert, Matthias & Giebler, Alexander & Heimpold, Gerhard & Titze, Mirko & Urban-Thielicke, Dana, 2018. "IWH-Subventionsdatenbank: Mikrodaten zu Programmen direkter Unternehmenssubventionen in Deutschland. Datendokumentation," IWH Technical Reports 2/2018, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    9. Andor, Mark Andreas & Frondel, Manuel & Neuhoff, Karsten & Petrick, Sebastian & Rüster, Sophia, 2016. "Klimaschutzpolitik in Europa: Wie kann ein Politikmix gestaltet werden?," RWI Materialien 103, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
    10. Julia Brüggemann & Kilian Bizer, 2016. "Laboratory experiments in innovation research: a methodological overview and a review of the current literature," Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 1-13, December.
    11. Michael Rothgang & Bernhard Lageman & Anne-Marie Scholz, 2021. "Why are there so few hard facts about the impact of cluster policies in Germany? A critical review of evaluation studies," Review of Evolutionary Political Economy, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 105-139, April.
    12. Mühlenkamp Holger, 2016. "Effizienzmessung und quantitative Instrumente zur Effizienzsteigerung im öffentlichen Sektor," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 17(2), pages 106-128, July.

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    JEL classification:

    • A11 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Role of Economics; Role of Economists
    • D04 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Policy: Formulation; Implementation; Evaluation

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