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Evidenzbasierte Wirtschaftspolitik in Deutschland: Defizite und Potenziale

Author

Listed:
  • Boockmann, Bernhard

    () (Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW))

  • Buch, Claudia M.

    () (IWH Halle)

  • Schnitzer, Monika

    () (University of Munich)

Abstract

Moderne Evaluationsmethoden auf der Basis ökonometrischer Verfahren und randomisierter Feldexperimente machen es für immer mehr Politikbereiche möglich, die Wirksamkeit wirtschaftspolitischer Maßnahmen zu überprüfen. Gleichwohl sind diese Methoden in der deutschen Evaluationspraxis nicht der Standard. Andere Länder sind Deutschland in dieser Hinsicht voraus. Gerade vor dem Hintergrund knapper öffentlicher Mittel ist eine Verbesserung der Evaluationspraxis dringend geboten, um die Mittelverwendung auf solche Maßnahmen fokussieren zu können, deren Wirksamkeit nachgewiesen ist. In diesem Beitrag werden institutionelle Voraussetzungen für methodisch valide Wirkungsanalysen diskutiert und mögliche Schritte hin zu einer stärker evidenzbasierten Wirtschaftspolitik in Deutschland vorgeschlagen.

Suggested Citation

  • Boockmann, Bernhard & Buch, Claudia M. & Schnitzer, Monika, 2014. "Evidenzbasierte Wirtschaftspolitik in Deutschland: Defizite und Potenziale," IZA Standpunkte 68, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp68
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:kap:enreec:v:70:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s10640-017-0128-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jana Stoever & John P. Weche, 2018. "Environmental Regulation and Sustainable Competitiveness: Evaluating the Role of Firm-Level Green Investments in the Context of the Porter Hypothesis," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 70(2), pages 429-455, June.
    3. Bernd Fitzenberger & Annabelle Doerr, 2016. "Konzeptionelle Lehren aus der ersten Evaluationsrunde der Branchenmindestlöhne in Deutschland
      [Conceptual lessons from the evaluation studies on sectoral minimum wages in Germany]
      ," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 49(4), pages 329-347, December.
    4. Mühlenkamp Holger, 2016. "Effizienzmessung und quantitative Instrumente zur Effizienzsteigerung im öffentlichen Sektor," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 17(2), pages 106-128, July.
    5. Schmidt Christoph M., 2014. "Wirkungstreffer erzielen – Die Rolle der evidenzbasierten Politikberatung in einer aufgeklärten Gesellschaft," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 15(3), pages 219-233, October.
    6. Weimann Joachim, 2015. "Die Rolle von Verhaltensökonomik und experimenteller Forschung in Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Politikberatung," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 16(3), pages 231-252, October.
    7. Rinne, Ulf & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2014. "Zutritt zur Festung Europa? Neue Anforderungen an eine moderne Asyl- und Flüchtlingspolitik," IZA Standpunkte 75, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Andor, Mark Andreas & Frondel, Manuel & Neuhoff, Karsten & Petrick, Sebastian & Rüster, Sophia, 2016. "Klimaschutzpolitik in Europa: Wie kann ein Politikmix gestaltet werden?," RWI Materialien 103, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.

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    Keywords

    kausale Wirkungsanalysen; experimentelle Wirtschaftsforschung;

    JEL classification:

    • A11 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Role of Economics; Role of Economists

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