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Can regional policies shape migration flows?

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  • Augusto Cerqua
  • Guido Pellegrini
  • Ornella Tarola

Abstract

Our empirical analysis focuses on the effect of regional policies on migration attraction factors in Europe. We employ a regression discontinuity design to assess the causal relationship between the reception of large amounts of public funds and migration flows in the EU‐15 regions. In highly‐subsidised regions, we find a large increase in the share of foreign citizens from less‐developed countries when compared to low‐subsidised regions with similar pre‐treatment characteristics. The analysis shows that such an increase is due to the positive impact of the European regional policy on job market opportunities as well as the improvement of public goods supply. El análisis empírico de este estudio se centra en el efecto de las políticas regionales sobre los factores de atracción de la migración en Europa. Se empleó un diseño de regresión discontinua para evaluar la relación causal entre la recepción de grandes cantidades de fondos públicos y los flujos migratorios en las regiones de la UE‐15. En las regiones altamente subvencionadas, se encontró un gran aumento de la proporción de ciudadanos extranjeros procedentes de países menos desarrollados, en comparación con las regiones poco subvencionadas con características similares antes del tratamiento. El análisis muestra que dicho aumento se debe al impacto positivo de la política regional europea en las oportunidades del mercado laboral, así como a la mejora de la oferta de bienes públicos. 本研究では、欧州における移住の誘因に対する地域政策の影響に注目して実証分析を実施する。回帰不連続デザインを用いて、EU15の地域における移住フローと多額の公的資金の受け入れとの因果関係を評価する。多額の補助金の給付を受けている地域では、給付以前は特性が同様であった補助金が少ない地域と比較すると、後開発途上国出身の外国人の住民の割合が大幅に増加している。分析から、この増加は、雇用市場における機会に対する欧州地域政策の正の影響及び公共財供給の改善によるものであることが示された。

Suggested Citation

  • Augusto Cerqua & Guido Pellegrini & Ornella Tarola, 2022. "Can regional policies shape migration flows?," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 101(3), pages 515-536, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:presci:v:101:y:2022:i:3:p:515-536
    DOI: 10.1111/pirs.12670
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    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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