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Does cohesion policy reduce EU discontent and Euroscepticism?

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  • Andres Rodriguez-Pose
  • Lewis Dijkstra

Abstract

Some regions in Europe that have been heavily supported by the European Union’s cohesion policy have recently opted for parties with a strong Eurosceptic orientation. The results at the ballot box have been put forward as evidence that cohesion policy is ineffective for tackling the rising, European- wide wave of discontent. However, the evidence to support this view is scarce and, often, contradictory. This paper analyses the link between cohesion policy and the vote for Eurosceptic parties. It uses the share of votes cast for Eurosceptic parties in more than 63,000 electoral districts in national legislative elections in the EU28 to assess whether cohesion policy investment since 2000 has made a difference for the electoral support for parties opposed to European integration. The results indicate that cohesion policy investment is linked to a lower anti-EU vote. This result is robust to employing different econometric approaches, to considering the variety of European development funds, to different periods of investment, to different policy domains, to shifts in the unit of analysis, and to different levels of opposition by parties to the European project.

Suggested Citation

  • Andres Rodriguez-Pose & Lewis Dijkstra, 2020. "Does cohesion policy reduce EU discontent and Euroscepticism?," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 2040, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Sep 2020.
  • Handle: RePEc:egu:wpaper:2040
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    File URL: http://econ.geo.uu.nl/peeg/peeg2040.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Euroscepticism; anti-system voting; populism; cohesion policy; elections; regions; Europe;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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