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Fiscal competition over taxes and public inputs

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  • Hauptmeier, Sebastian
  • Mittermaier, Ferdinand
  • Rincke, Johannes

Abstract

Governments are widely perceived as competing for capital by choosing parameters in a multi-dimensional policy space. We consider the choice of a business tax rate as well as a productive public input by local governments and estimate a model of strategic interaction in both policy instruments. The estimations suggest that local governments use both the business tax rate and public inputs to compete for capital. We find that if neighbors cut their tax rates, governments try to restore competitiveness by lowering their own tax and increasing public inputs. If neighbors provide more infrastructure, governments react by increasing their own spending.

Suggested Citation

  • Hauptmeier, Sebastian & Mittermaier, Ferdinand & Rincke, Johannes, 2012. "Fiscal competition over taxes and public inputs," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 407-419.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:42:y:2012:i:3:p:407-419
    DOI: 10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2011.10.007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. AMBA OYON, Claude Marius & Mbratana, Taoufiki, 2017. "Simultaneous equation models with spatially autocorrelated error components," MPRA Paper 82395, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Patrice Pieretti & Jacques-François Thisse & Skerdilajda Zanaj, 2013. "Offshore financial centers: Safe or tax havens," CREA Discussion Paper Series 13-20, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
    3. Eckhard Janeba & Maximilian Todtenhaupt, 2016. "Fiscal Competition and Public Debt," CESifo Working Paper Series 6155, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. repec:bla:ecinqu:v:55:y:2017:i:2:p:682-694 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Yutao Han & Patrice Pieretti & Benteng Zou, 2015. "Does tax competition increase disparity among jurisdictions?," CREA Discussion Paper Series 15-07, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
    6. repec:kap:pubcho:v:172:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11127-017-0460-x is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Han, Yutao & Pieretti, Patrice & Zou, Benteng, 2014. "Does size asymmetry exacerbate the inefficiency of tax competition?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 122(1), pages 16-18.
    8. Zareh Asatryan & Annika Havlik & Frank Streif, 2017. "Vetoing and inaugurating policy like others do: evidence on spatial interactions in voter initiatives," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 172(3), pages 525-544, September.
    9. Yutao Han & Patrice Pieretti & Benteng Zou, 2017. "On The Desirability Of Tax Coordination When Countries Compete In Taxes And Infrastructure," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 55(2), pages 682-694, April.
    10. Yutao Han & Zhen Song, 2017. "On regional integration, fiscal income, and GDP per capita," CEMA Working Papers 600, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
    11. Yang, Kai & Lee, Lung-fei, 2017. "Identification and QML estimation of multivariate and simultaneous equations spatial autoregressive models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 196(1), pages 196-214.
    12. Baskaran, Thushyanthan, 2015. "Tax mimicking in the short- and long-run: Evidence from German reunification," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 230, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    13. Brülhart, Marius & Bucovetsky, Sam & Schmidheiny, Kurt, 2015. "Taxes in Cities," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.
    14. Baskaran, Thushyanthan, 2014. "Identifying local tax mimicking with administrative borders and a policy reform," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 41-51.
    15. Benny Geys & Steffen Osterloh, 2013. "Borders As Boundaries To Fiscal Policy Interactions? An Empirical Analysis Of Politicians’ Opinions On Rivals In The Competition For Firms," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(4), pages 583-606, October.
    16. Baskaran, Thushyanthan, 2015. "Tax mimicking in the short- and the long-run: Evidence from German reunification," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 113088, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    17. Yutao Han, 2013. "Who benefits from partial tax coordination?," CREA Discussion Paper Series 13-24, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
    18. repec:kap:itaxpf:v:25:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s10797-017-9451-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Andreas Wagener, 2016. "Evolutionary Stability in Fiscal Competition," CESifo Working Paper Series 5791, CESifo Group Munich.
    20. Gillet, Holger & Pauser, Johannes, 2014. "Efficiency in public input provision in two asymmetric jurisdictions with imperfect labour markets," IAB Discussion Paper 201411, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    21. Huang, Wei Hong & Chen, Yang & Rudkin, Simon, 2014. "Dynamic Fiscal competition with public infrastructure investment: Austerity and attracting capital inflow," RIEI Working Papers 2014-03, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Research Institute for Economic Integration, revised 02 Mar 2016.
    22. Lu, Lina, 2017. "Simultaneous Spatial Panel Data Models with Common Shocks," Risk and Policy Analysis Unit Working Paper RPA 17-3, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
    23. Patrice Pieretti & Jacques-François Thisse & Skerdilajda Zanaj, 2014. "Offshore financial centers and bank secrecy," CREA Discussion Paper Series 14-02, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tax competition; Public input competition; System estimation;

    JEL classification:

    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism
    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games

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