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Migration, Labor Tasks and Production Structure in Europe

Author

Listed:
  • Stefania Borelli

    (Sapienza University of Rome)

  • Giuseppe De Arcangelis

    (Sapienza University of Rome)

  • Majlinda Joxhe

    (CREA, Université du Luxembourg)

Abstract

This paper assesses the effect of the immigration on the production structure in a selection of European countries in 2001-2009 with a task-based approach. The inflow of immigrants represents an increase in the relative supply of manual-physical (or simple) tasks, hence favoring simple-task intensive sectors. We use a new OECD dataset, PIAAC, to calculate the index of simple-task intensity at the country-industry level. The analysis confirms that the increase in migration stocks caused a positive impact on the value added of sectors that use more intensively simple tasks. These effects are more intense when considering countries as Italy and Spain characterized by a recent, rapid and intense inflow of migrants. Endogeneity issues are discussed and instruments based on a gravity approach are used in estimation.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefania Borelli & Giuseppe De Arcangelis & Majlinda Joxhe, 2017. "Migration, Labor Tasks and Production Structure in Europe," DEM Discussion Paper Series 17-02, Department of Economics at the University of Luxembourg.
  • Handle: RePEc:luc:wpaper:17-02
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    2. Riccardo Fiorentini & Alina Verashchagina, 2017. "Immigration and Trade: The Case Study of Veneto Region in Italy," Working Papers 03/2017, University of Verona, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rybczynski Effect; International Migration; PIAAC; Gravity Equation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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