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Population and Health Policies

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  • T. Paul Schultz

    ()
    (Yale University)

Abstract

The literature evaluating population and health policies is in flux, with many disciplines exploring biological and behavioral linkages from fetal development to chronic disease, disability, and late life mortality. The focus here is on research methods, findings, and questions that economists can clarify regarding the causal relationships between economic development, health outcomes, and reproductive behavior, which operate in many directions. The connection between conditions under which people live and their expected life span and health status refer to “health production functions”. The relationships between an individual’s stock of health and productivity, well being, and life span encompasses the “returns to health human capital”. The control of reproduction improves the well being of women, the economic opportunities of her offspring, and slows population growth. Evaluation of policy interventions is more than a question of technological efficiency, but also involves the behavioral responsiveness of individuals, families, social networks, and communities.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Economic Growth Center, Yale University in its series Working Papers with number 974.

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Length: 99 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:egc:wpaper:974

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Keywords: Health; Fertility and Family Planning; Biology of Health Human Capital; Economic Development;

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Cited by:
  1. Kendzia, Michael J. & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2012. "Celebrating 150 Years of Analyzing Fertility Trends in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 6355, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Sonia Bhalotra & Sam Rawlings, 2010. "Intergenerational persistence in health in developing countries: the penalty of gender inequality," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation 10/249, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
  3. Jayanta Sarkar & Dipanwita Sarkar, 2012. "Why does child labour persist with declining poverty?," NCER Working Paper Series 84, National Centre for Econometric Research, revised 21 Nov 2012.

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