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The Technology of Skill Formation

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Author Info

  • James Heckman
  • Pedro Carneiro
  • Flavio Cunha

Abstract

his paper presents formal models of child development that capture the essence of recent findings from the empirical literature on child development. The goal is to provide theoretical frameworks for interpreting the evidence from a vast empirical literature, for guiding the next generation of empirical studies and for formulating policy. We start from the premise that skill formation is a life-cycle process. It starts in the womb and goes on throughout most of the adult life. Families and firms have a role in this process that is at least as important as the role of schools. There are multiple skills and multiple abilities that are important for adult success. Abilities are both inherited and created, and the traditional debate of nature versus nurture is outdated and scientifically obsolete. The technology of skill formation has two additional important characteristics. The first one is that IQ and behavior are more plastic at early ages than at later ages. Furthermore, behavior is much more malleable than IQ as individuals age. The second is that human capital investments are complementary over time. Early investments increase the productivity of later investments. Early investments are not productive if they are not followed up by later investments. The returns to investing early in the life cycle are high. Remediation of inadequate early investments is difficult and very costly

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2004 Meeting Papers with number 681.

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Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:red:sed004:681

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Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
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Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/society.htm
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Keywords: human capital; life cycle of skill formation;

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References

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  1. Hansen, Karsten T. & Heckman, James J. & Mullen, Kathleen, 2003. "The Effect of Schooling and Ability on Achievement Test Scores," IZA Discussion Papers 826, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Baby P: some questions
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2008-11-14 15:06:17
  2. Human capital policies and inequality in recessions’ times
    by laurence-df in OFCE le blog on 2012-12-20 10:52:08
  3. Does school spending matter? Early years investment may offer higher returns – but the returns erode unless topped up during later phases of childhood
    by Blog Admin in British Politics and Policy at LSE on 2014-01-22 07:00:18
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