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The Economics and Psychology of Inequality and Human Development

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  • Cunha, Flavio

    ()
    (University of Pennsylvania)

  • Heckman, James J.

    ()
    (University of Chicago)

Abstract

Recent research on the economics of human development deepens understanding of the origins of inequality and excellence. It draws on and contributes to personality psychology and the psychology of human development. Inequalities in family environments and investments in children are substantial. They causally affect the development of capabilities. Both cognitive and noncognitive capabilities determine success in life but to varying degrees for different outcomes. An empirically determined technology of capability formation reveals that capabilities are self-productive and cross-fertilizing and can be enhanced by investment. Investments in capabilities are relatively more productive at some stages of a child's life cycle than others. Optimal child investment strategies differ depending on target outcomes of interest and on the nature of adversity in a child's early years. For some configurations of early disadvantage and for some desired outcomes, it is efficient to invest relatively more in the later years of childhood than in the early years.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4001.

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Length: 64 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of the European Economic Association, 2009, 7(2-3), 320 - 364
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4001

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Keywords: human development; noncognitive traits; capabilities; inequality; technology of capability formation; policy targeting;

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