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Health, Technical Efficiency, And Agricultural Production In Indian Districts

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  • Atheendar S. Venkataramani

    ()
    (Washington University School of Medicine)

  • K.R. Shanmugam

    ()
    (Madras School of Economics)

  • Jennifer Prah Ruger

    ()
    (Yale University Schools of Medicine and Public Health)

Abstract

We investigate whether better population health may impact economic performance through improvements in technical efficiency in agricultural production. Using district-level data from India, we employ a random-coefficients approach to estimate a Cobb-Douglas production function, computing overall and input-specific technical efficiencies for each district. We then model health (district infant mortality rate) as a determinant of (in)efficiency in a second stage, controlling for a range of other socioeconomic variables. In the preferred specifications, we find that decreases in the infant mortality rate are associated with substantively and statistically significant increases in overall technical efficiency, and that a good portion of this association is likely due to improvements in the efficiency of labor use.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics in its journal Journal Of Economic Development.

Volume (Year): 35 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 1-23

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Handle: RePEc:jed:journl:v:35:y:2010:i:4:p:1-23

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Keywords: Agricultural Production; Economic Development; Health; India; Labor; Random Coefficients; Technical Efficiency;

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