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Early Marriage, Age of Menarche, and Female Schooling Attainment in Bangladesh

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  • Erica Field
  • Attila Ambrus
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    Abstract

    Using data from rural Bangladesh, we explore the hypothesis that women attain less schooling as a result of social and financial pressure to marry young. We isolate the causal effect of marriage timing using age of menarche as an instrumental variable. Our results indicate that each additional year that marriage is delayed is associated with 0.22 additional year of schooling and 5.6 percent higher literacy. Delayed marriage is also associated with an increase in use of preventive health services. In the context of competitive marriage markets, we use the above results to obtain estimates of the change in equilibrium female education that would arise from introducing age of consent laws. (c) 2008 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved..

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Political Economy.

    Volume (Year): 116 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 5 (October)
    Pages: 881-930

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    Handle: RePEc:ucp:jpolec:v:116:y:2008:i:5:p:881-930

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    Cited by:
    1. Dopart, Alethea & Wodon, Quentin, 2012. "专题论文:全面教育
      [Thematic Paper: Comprehensive Education]
      ," MPRA Paper 45356, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Kirdar, Murat G. & Dayioglu-Tayfur, Meltem & Koc, Ismet, 2011. "The Effect of Compulsory Schooling Laws on Teenage Marriage and Births in Turkey," IZA Discussion Papers 5887, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. T. Paul Schultz, 2009. "Population and Health Policies," Working Papers 974, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
    4. Dopart, Alethea & Wodon, Quentin, 2012. "Document thématique : L’éducation globale pour tous
      [Thematic Paper: Comprehensive Education]
      ," MPRA Paper 45352, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Maertens, Annemie, 2013. "Social Norms and Aspirations: Age of Marriage and Education in Rural India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 1-15.
    6. Ahmed Mobarak & Randall Kuhn & Christina Peters, 2013. "Consanguinity and Other Marriage Market Effects of a Wealth Shock in Bangladesh," Demography, Springer, vol. 50(5), pages 1845-1871, October.
    7. Chris SAKELLARIOU, 2013. "Early Marriage and Education Transitions of Female Youth: The Case of Indonesia," Economic Growth centre Working Paper Series 1304, Nanyang Technolgical University, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Economic Growth centre.
    8. James Fenske, 2012. "African Polygamy: Past and Present," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2012-20, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    9. Dopart, Alethea & Wodon, Quentin, 2012. "Documento temático: Educación integral
      [Thematic Paper: Comprehensive Education]
      ," MPRA Paper 45354, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Dopart, Alethea & Wodon, Quentin, 2012. "Тематическая Работа: Всестороннее Образование
      [Thematic Paper: Comprehensive Education]
      ," MPRA Paper 45353, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Esther Duflo, 2012. "Women Empowerment and Economic Development," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 50(4), pages 1051-79, December.
    12. Heath, Rachel, 2014. "Women’s Access to Labor Market Opportunities, Control of Household Resources, and Domestic Violence: Evidence from Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 32-46.
    13. Dopart, Alethea & Wodon, Quentin, 2012. "Thematic Paper: Comprehensive Education," MPRA Paper 45309, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Dopart, Alethea & Wodon, Quentin, 2012. "ورقة مواضيعية: التعليم الشامل
      [Thematic Paper: Comprehensive Education]
      ," MPRA Paper 45351, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Heath, Rachel, 2012. "Women's access to labor market opportunities, control of household resources, and domestic violence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6149, The World Bank.
    16. Anja Sautmann, 2011. "Partner Search and Demographics: The Marriage Squeeze in India," Working Papers 2011-12, Brown University, Department of Economics.

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