Wealthier is healthier
AbstractWith cross-country, time series data on health (infant and child mortality, and life expectancy) and per capita income, the authors estimate the effect of income on health. They use instrumental variables estimation to identify the effect of income on health that is structural and causal, isolated from reverse causation (healthier workers are more productive and hence wealthier) or incidental association (some other factor may cause both better health and greater wealth). The long-run income elasticity of infant and child mortality in developing countries lies between 0.2 and 0.4. Using those estimates, they calculate that in 1990 alone, more than half a million child deaths in the developing world could be attributed to poor economic performance in the 1980s.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1150.
Date of creation: 30 Jun 1993
Date of revision:
Health Economics&Finance; Inequality; Economic Theory&Research; Governance Indicators; Health Monitoring&Evaluation;
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- Sudhir Anand & Martin Ravallion, 1993. "Human Development in Poor Countries: On the Role of Private Incomes and Public Services," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 7(1), pages 133-150, Winter.
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Health effects of non-health programs
by Berk Ozler in Development Impact on 2012-07-12 03:29:03
- Would you rather be poor in a rich(er) country or rich in a poorer country?
by Andy Sumner in Global Dashboard on 2011-06-10 10:09:41
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