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How do local labor market conditions and individual characteristics affect quitting selfemployment?

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  • Oberschachtsiek, Dirk

Abstract

This paper investigates the joint effect of local labor market conditions and individual differences on the duration of self-employment periods. Using register based, data the study focuses on previously unemployed business founders who have received public support to realize their entrepreneurial activities. Local labor market conditions account for a high level of complexity while personal characteristics are related to the founder's employment background. Using accelerated failure time models, controlling for unobserved heterogeneity and allowing for competing exit risk we find that higher and increasing local labor market pressure decreases the duration in self-employment whereas higher perceived (re-unemployment) risk and lower economic prosperity for incumbent firms reduce exit risks. The results reveal that the effect of external conditions is multidimensional and non-linear. On the individual level, we find strong support for the hot-house hypothesis for gaining comparative advantages.

Suggested Citation

  • Oberschachtsiek, Dirk, 2010. "How do local labor market conditions and individual characteristics affect quitting selfemployment?," Discussion Papers, Presidential Department P 2010-001, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbpre:p2010001
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    self-employment; duration; competing risk; local labor market situation;

    JEL classification:

    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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