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Die reformierte Gründungsförderung für Arbeitslose: Chancen und Risiken

  • Caliendo, Marco

    ()

    (University of Potsdam)

  • Kritikos, Alexander S.

    ()

    (University of Potsdam, DIW Berlin)

Support schemes for unemployed aiming for self-employment have been recently reformed several times. In 2003, the “start-up subsidy” was added to the existing “bridging allowance”. In 2006 both instruments were merged to the “Gründungszuschuss”. Since the bridging allowance has been evaluated as effective and efficient and the start-up subsidy reached new target groups, the latest reform shows several shortcomings. The design of the Gründungszuschuss is suboptimal, leading to efficiency losses if its participants act rational. It will also be less effective when compared to the two old programs. Overall, the recent dynamic development of new businesses will slow down more than necessary.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3114.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, 2009, 10(2), 189-213
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3114
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  1. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reize, Frank, 1998. "Business Start-ups by the Unemployed - an Econometric Analysis Based on Firm Data," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-38, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Eichhorst, Werner & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2007. "And Then There Were Four... How Many (and Which) Measures of Active Labour Market Policy Do We Still Need?," CEPR Discussion Papers 6246, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Marco Caliendo & Viktor Steiner, 2007. "Ich-AG und Überbrückungsgeld: neue Ergebnisse bestätigen Erfolg," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 74(3), pages 25-32.
  4. Santarelli, Enrico & Vivarelli, Marco, 2006. "Entrepreneurship and the Process of Firms’ Entry, Survival and Growth," IZA Discussion Papers 2475, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Eichhorst, Werner & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2007. "Dann waren's nur noch vier… Wie viele (und welche) Maßnahmen der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik brauchen wir noch? Eine Bilanz nach der Evaluation der Hartz-Reformen," IZA Discussion Papers 2605, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Michael Fritsch & Antje Weyh, 2006. "How Large are the Direct Employment Effects of New Businesses? An Empirical Investigation for West Germany," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 245-260, October.
  7. Hans J. Baumgartner & Marco Caliendo & Viktor Steiner, 2006. "Existenzgründungsförderung für Arbeitslose: erste Evaluationsergebnisse für Deutschland," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 75(3), pages 32-48.
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