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Existenzgründungsförderung für Arbeitslose: erste Evaluationsergebnisse für Deutschland

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  • Hans J. Baumgartner
  • Marco Caliendo
  • Viktor Steiner

Abstract

Since 2003 the start-up subsidy (Existenzgründungszuschuss, publicly better known as "Ich-AG") provides a second means for unemployed people to become self-employed, in addition to the bridging allowance which has already been in place for some time. First evaluation results show that a) both programs attract different target groups, b) the unemployment probability of participants sixteen months after the start of the respective program is considerably lower than the one of a control group of unemployed people not participating in either of the two programs, and c) both programs significantly differ with respect to certain factors affecting the sustainability of self-employment. Zur Existenzgründungsförderung für Arbeitslose steht mit dem Existenzgründungszuschuss ("Ich-AG") seit Anfang 2003 neben dem schon seit längerem bestehenden Überbrückungsgeld (ÜG) ein weiteres Förderinstrument für gründungswillige Arbeitslose zur Verfügung. Erste Evaluationsergebnisse zeigen, dass a) die beiden Programme unterschiedliche Zielgruppen attrahieren, b) die Teilnehmer beider Programme im Vergleich zu einer Kontrollgruppe von nicht geförderten Arbeitslosen 16 Monate nach Beginn der Maßnahmen eine deutlich geringere Wahrscheinlichkeit haben, arbeitslos gemeldet zu sein, und c) sich die beiden Förderprogramme hinsichtlich bestimmter Erfolgsfaktoren der Nachhaltigkeit der Gründung unterscheiden.

Suggested Citation

  • Hans J. Baumgartner & Marco Caliendo & Viktor Steiner, 2006. "Existenzgründungsförderung für Arbeitslose: erste Evaluationsergebnisse für Deutschland," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 75(3), pages 32-48.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:75-3-3
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    File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.75.3.32
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Marco Caliendo & Viktor Steiner, 2005. "Aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland: Bestandsaufnahme und Bewertung der mikroökonomischen Evaluationsergebnisse," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 515, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    2. Marco Caliendo & Reinhard Hujer, 2006. "The microeconometric estimation of treatment effects—An overview," AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis, Springer;German Statistical Society, vol. 90(1), pages 199-215, March.
    3. Hans J. Baumgartner & Marco Caliendo, 2008. "Turning Unemployment into Self-Employment: Effectiveness of Two Start-Up Programmes," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 70(3), pages 347-373, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Davud Rostam-Afschar, 2014. "Entry regulation and entrepreneurship: a natural experiment in German craftsmanship," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 1067-1101, November.
    2. Marco Caliendo & Alexander S. Kritikos, 2009. "Die reformierte Gründungsförderung für Arbeitslose - Chancen und Risiken," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 10(2), pages 189-213, May.
    3. Ebbinghaus, Bernhard & Eichhorst, Werner, 2006. "Employment Regulation and Labor Market Policy in Germany, 1991-2005," IZA Discussion Papers 2505, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Bernhard, Sarah & Hohmeyer, Katrin & Jozwiak, Eva & Koch, Susanne & Kruppe, Thomas & Stephan, Gesine & Wolff, Joachim, 2008. "Aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland und ihre Wirkungen," IAB-Forschungsbericht 200802, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    5. Gerd Heyer & Susanne Koch & Gesine Stephan & Joachim Wolff, 2012. "Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Ein Sachstandsbericht für die Instrumentenreform 2011," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 45(1), pages 41-62, March.

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