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Aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland: Bestandsaufnahme und Bewertung der mikroökonomischen Evaluationsergebnisse

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  • Marco Caliendo
  • Viktor Steiner

Abstract

Aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik (AAMP) umfasst eine Vielzahl staatlicher Maßnahmen zur Verhinderung von Arbeitslosigkeit und Förderung von Beschäftigung. Die quantitativ wichtigsten Programme der AAMP in Deutschland waren traditionell die Förderung der beruflichen Weiterbildung sowie Arbeitsbeschaffungs- und Strukturanpassungsmaßnahmen. In letzter Zeit haben aber auch neuere Instrumente der AAMP wie z.B. Eingliederungszuschüsse an Unternehmen und Existenzgründungszuschüsse für ehemals Arbeitslose zunehmende Bedeutung erlangt. Eine umfassende Evaluation der Effektivität dieser Programme ist erst seit relativ kurzer Zeit durch die Bereitstellung administrativer Daten für die wissenschaftliche Evaluationsforschung möglich. In diesem Beitrag wird auf Grundlage einer Bestandsaufnahme der vorliegenden empirischen Evaluationsstudien die Effektivität der AAMP in Deutschland bewertet. Die Darstellung wird ergänzt durch die Einbeziehung der Ergebnisse einiger internationaler Evaluationsstudien zu Instrumenten der AAMP, die zunehmend auch in Deutschland Bedeutung erlangen, für die aber hierzulande noch kaum empirische Evaluationsstudien vorliegen. Der Beitrag schließt mit einer kritischen Würdigung der vorliegenden Forschungsergebnisse und einem Ausblick auf zukünftige Forschungserfordernisse.

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  • Marco Caliendo & Viktor Steiner, 2005. "Aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland: Bestandsaufnahme und Bewertung der mikroökonomischen Evaluationsergebnisse," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 515, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp515
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