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Alte Idee, neues Programm: Der Gründungszuschuss als Nachfolger von Überbrückungsgeld und Ich-AG

Author

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  • Caliendo, Marco

    (University of Potsdam)

  • Hogenacker, Jens

    (Q_Perior AG)

  • Künn, Steffen

    (Maastricht University)

  • Wießner, Frank

    (Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt)

Abstract

Die Gründungsförderung der Bundesagentur für Arbeit ist im Rahmen der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik im Rechtskreis SGB III nach wie vor eines der bedeutsamsten Instrumente. Zum 1. August 2006 löste der Gründungszuschuss (§ 57 SGB III) seine beiden Vorgänger, das Überbrückungsgeld und den Existenzgründungszuschuss ("Ich-AG") ab. Ziel der Reform war neben der Erhöhung der Transparenz und Übersichtlichkeit vor allem eine Entlastung der Arbeitsverwaltung und eine effizientere Ausgestaltung des Förderinstruments. Die Ergebnisse der vorliegenden Studie zeigen, dass das neue Programm wie erwartet ähnliche Teilnehmerstrukturen wie das Überbrückungsgeld aufweist und somit nicht mehr die Breite der beiden Vorgängerprogramme abdeckt. Die degressive Transferentzugsrate hat entgegen anfänglichen Befürchtungen keinen maßgeblichen Einfluss auf den Zeitpunkt der Gründungsentscheidung. Eine vertiefende Betrachtung des Fördergeschehens zeigt ebenfalls, dass sich der Gründungszuschuss durch beachtliche Verbleibsquoten (75-84%) in Selbständigkeit auszeichnet, die zum Teil deutlich über denen der Vorgängerprogramme liegen. Im Hinblick auf die vieldiskutierten Mitnahmeeffekte im Bereich der Gründungsförderung, deuten deskriptive Auswertungen darauf hin, dass Mitnahmeeffekte im Zusammenhang mit dem Gründungszuschuss eine geringere Bedeutung haben als vielfach angenommen.

Suggested Citation

  • Caliendo, Marco & Hogenacker, Jens & Künn, Steffen & Wießner, Frank, 2011. "Alte Idee, neues Programm: Der Gründungszuschuss als Nachfolger von Überbrückungsgeld und Ich-AG," IZA Discussion Papers 6035, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6035
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    Cited by:

    1. Caliendo, Marco & Künn, Steffen & Weissenberger, Martin, 2020. "Catching up or lagging behind? The long-term business and innovation potential of subsidized start-ups out of unemployment," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(10).
    2. Sandra M. Sánchez‐Cañizares & L. Javier Cabeza‐Ramírez & M. Dolores Guerrero‐Baena, 2020. "Evaluation of self‐employment support policies using survival analysis. The discounted flat rate in Andalusia (Spain)," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 99(5), pages 1389-1411, October.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Evaluation arbeitsmarktpolitischer Maßnahmen; Gründungszuschuss; aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik; Überbrückungsgeld; Existenzgründungszuschuss;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • H43 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate

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