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Gemeinschaft, Gesellschaft und soziale Sicherung : Überlegungen zu Genese und Wandel des modernen Wohlfahrtsstaats

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  • Zapfel, Stefan

    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Promberger, Markus

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

Abstract

"Before industrialization, traditional communities - families, local neighborhoods, and religious groups - were meant to safeguard their members from risks like poverty. As the transition into industrialization produced new risks or generalized previously limited risks, this fallback system turned out to be insufficient. Hence, post-traditional communities, predominantly related to the labour movement, tried to offset the lack of social security. But they were only successful to some extent. Therefore, step by step the state created national social policy as a societal sort of prevention and combat of misery. Today, the different versions of social protection form a multi-level system characterizing the modern welfare state. Its status quo and its change may be described adequately, using some main concepts of Classical Sociology, e.g. 'community', 'society', or 'solidarity'." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Suggested Citation

  • Zapfel, Stefan & Promberger, Markus, 2011. "Gemeinschaft, Gesellschaft und soziale Sicherung : Überlegungen zu Genese und Wandel des modernen Wohlfahrtsstaats," IAB Discussion Paper 201121, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  • Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:201121
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Alfred Garloff & Carsten Pohl & Norbert Schanne, 2013. "Do small labor market entry cohorts reduce unemployment?," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 29(15), pages 379-406, September.
    2. Heyer, Gerd & Koch, Susanne & Stephan, Gesine & Wolff, Joachim, 2011. "Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Ein Sachstandsbericht für die Instrumentenreform 2011 (Evaluation of active labor market programs : a summary of recent results for the German program refor," IAB Discussion Paper 201117, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    3. Scharpf, Fritz W., 2000. "The viability of advanced welfare states in the international economy. Vulnerabilities and options," European Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(03), pages 399-425, July.
    4. Antoni, Manfred, 2011. "Lifelong learning inequality? The relevance of family background for on-the-job training," IAB Discussion Paper 201109, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    5. Thomas Bahle & Astrid Pfenning, 2001. "Angebotsformen und Trägerstrukturen sozialer Dienste im europäischen Vergleich," MZES Working Papers 34, MZES.
    6. Mendolicchio, Concetta & Paolini, Dimitri & Pietra, Tito, 2012. "Investments in education and welfare in a two-sector, random matching economy," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(6), pages 367-385.
    7. Neil Gilbert, 2005. "The "Enabling State?" from Public to Private Responsibility for Social Protection: Pathways and Pitfalls," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 26, OECD Publishing.
    8. repec:cor:louvrp:-2501 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gemeinschaft - Begriff; Gesellschaft - Begriff; Soziologie; Wohlfahrtsstaat; soziale Sicherheit - historische Entwicklung; Familie; Sozialpolitik; soziale Integration; institutionelle Faktoren;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • J82 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Labor Force Composition

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