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Multi-product exporters, variable markups and exchange rate fluctuations

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  • Mauro Caselli

    () (School of Economics, Australian School of Business, the University of New South Wales)

  • Arpita Chatterjee

    () (School of Economics, Australian School of Business, the University of New South Wales)

  • Alan Woodland

    () (School of Economics, Australian School of Business, the University of New South Wales)

Abstract

In this paper we investigate how firms adjust markups across products in response to fluctuations in the real exchange rate. In a theoretical framework, we show that firms increase their markup and producer prices following a real depreciation and that this increase is greater for products with higher productivity, a consequence of local distribution costs. We estimate markups at the market-product-plant level using detailed panel production and cost data from Mexican manufacturing between 1994 and 2007. Exploiting variation in the real exchange rate in the aftermath of the peso crisis in December 1994, we provide robust empirical evidence that plants increase their markups and producer prices in response to a real depreciation and that within-firm heterogeneity is a key determinant of plants' response to exchange rate shocks. We also provide some evidence in favour of a local distribution cost channel of incomplete exchange rate pass-through.

Suggested Citation

  • Mauro Caselli & Arpita Chatterjee & Alan Woodland, 2014. "Multi-product exporters, variable markups and exchange rate fluctuations," Discussion Papers 2014-15, School of Economics, The University of New South Wales.
  • Handle: RePEc:swe:wpaper:2014-15
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    File URL: http://research.economics.unsw.edu.au/RePEc/papers/2014-15.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Guillou, Sarah & Treibich, Tania, 2017. "Firm Export Diversification and Change in Workforce Composition," Research Memorandum 026, Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE).
    2. Mauro Caselli & Stefano Schiavo & Lionel Nesta, 2017. "Markups and markdowns," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2017-11, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    3. Sofia Anyfantaki & Sarantis Kalyvitis & Margarita Katsimi & Eirini Thomaidou, 2018. "Export pricing at the firm level with panel data," Working Papers 241, Bank of Greece.
    4. Bernini, Michele & Tomasi, Chiara, 2015. "Exchange rate pass-through and product heterogeneity: Does quality matter on the import side?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 117-138.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    multi-product; variable markup; exchange rate pass-through; local distribution cost; Mexico;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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