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Multi-product Firms and Exchange Rate Fluctuations

  • Arpita Chatterjee
  • Rafael Dix-Carneiro
  • Jade Vichyanond

This paper studies the effect of exchange rate shocks on export behavior of multi-product firms. We provide a theoretical framework illustrating how firms adjust their prices, quantities, product scope, and sales distribution across products in the event of exchange rate fluctuations. In response to a real exchange rate depreciation, firms increase markups for all products, but markup increases decline with firm-product-specific marginal costs of production. We find robust evidence for our theoretical predictions using Brazilian customs data containing destination-specific and product-specific export sales and quantities. The sample period covers the years 1997-2006, during which Brazil experienced a series of drastic currency fluctuations. (JEL F14, F31, F33, O19, O24)

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File URL: http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/pol.5.2.77
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Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Journal: Economic Policy.

Volume (Year): 5 (2013)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
Pages: 77-110

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aejpol:v:5:y:2013:i:2:p:77-110
Note: DOI: 10.1257/pol.5.2.77
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  1. Marc J. Melitz, 2003. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1695-1725, November.
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  6. Bergin, Paul R. & Feenstra, Robert C., 2001. "Pricing-to-market, staggered contracts, and real exchange rate persistence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 333-359, August.
  7. Arpita Chatterjee & Rafael Dix-Carneiro & Jade Vichyanond, 2012. "Multi-Product Firms and Exchange Rate Fluctuations," Discussion Papers 2012-29, School of Economics, The University of New South Wales.
  8. Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou & Verboven, Frank, 2001. "The Evolution of Price Dispersion in the European Car Market," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 68(4), pages 811-48, October.
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  13. Raphael Auer & Thomas Chaney, 2009. "Exchange rate pass-through in a competitive model of pricing-to-market," Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute Working Paper 23, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
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  15. Hellerstein, Rebecca, 2008. "Who bears the cost of a change in the exchange rate? Pass-through accounting for the case of beer," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 14-32, September.
  16. Mizala, Alejandra & Romaguera, Pilar, 1998. "Wage Differentials and Occupational Wage Premia: Firm-Level Evidence for Brazil and Chile," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 44(2), pages 239-57, June.
  17. Victor Gomes & Roberto Ellery Jr, 2005. "Perfil das Exportações, Produtividade e Tamanho das Firmas no Brasil," Discussion Papers 1087, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
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