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Lemons, Market Shutdowns and Learning

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  • MIT

Abstract

I study a dynamic economy featuring adverse selection in financial markets. Investment is undertaken by borrowing-constrained entrepreneurs. They sell their past projects to finance new ones, but asymmetric information about project quality creates a lemons problem. The magnitude of this friction responds to aggregate shocks, amplifying the responses of asset prices and investment. Indeed, negative shocks can lead to a complete shutdown in financial markets. I then introduce learning from past transactions. This makes the degree of informational asymmetry endogenous and makes the liquidity of assets depend on the experience of market participants. Market downturns lead to less learning, worsening the future adverse selection problem. As a result, transitory shocks can create highly persistent responses in investment and output.

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  • Mit, 2010. "Lemons, Market Shutdowns and Learning," 2010 Meeting Papers 1098, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed010:1098
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    2. Polito, Vito & Wickens, Michael, 2015. "Sovereign credit ratings in the European Union: A model-based fiscal analysis," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 220-247.
    3. repec:hur:ijaraf:v:7:y:2017:i:3:p:58-69 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Lyon, Thomas P. & Michelin, Mark & Jongejan, Arie & Leahy, Thomas, 2012. "Is “smart charging” policy for electric vehicles worthwhile?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 259-268.
    5. Ragoobar, Tricia & Whalley, Jason & Harle, David, 2011. "Public and private intervention for next-generation access deployment: Possibilities for three European countries," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 827-841.

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