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Heterogeneity and Stability: Bolster the Strong, Not the Weak

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  • Dong Beom Choi

Abstract

We first study a stylized model of self-fulfilling panic among agents with differing fragilities to strategic risk and show that depending on the severity of coordination problems, the panic trigger threshold can depend only on one type's fragility. We then present a model of systemic panic among financial institutions with heterogeneous fragilities to financial spillovers. Concerns about potential spillovers generate strategic interaction, triggering a pre-emption game in which one tries to exit the market before others to avoid spillovers. Although financial contagion originates in weaker institutions, systemic risk can critically depend on financial health of stronger in the contagion chain. In this case, bolstering the strong, rather than the weak, more effectively enhances systemic stability.

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  • Dong Beom Choi, 2014. "Heterogeneity and Stability: Bolster the Strong, Not the Weak," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 27(6), pages 1830-1867.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:27:y:2014:i:6:p:1830-1867.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/rfs/hhu023
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    Cited by:

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    3. Allen, Franklin & Carletti, Elena & Goldstein, Itay & Leonello, Agnese, 2018. "Government guarantees and financial stability," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 177(C), pages 518-557.
    4. King, Michael R., 2019. "Time to buy or just buying time? Lessons from October 2008 for the cross-border bailout of banks," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 55-72.
    5. Bo, Wang & Suli, Zheng, 2020. "Heterogeneous fragility, systematic panic and optimal transparency," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 191(C).
    6. Allen N. Berger & Raluca Roman & John Sedunov, 2016. "Do bank bailouts reduce or increase systemic risk? the effects of TARP on financial system stability," Research Working Paper RWP 16-8, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    7. Cong, Lin William & Grenadier, Steven R. & Hu, Yunzhi, 2020. "Dynamic interventions and informational linkages," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(1), pages 1-15.
    8. Itay Goldstein & Alexandr Kopytov & Lin Shen & Haotian Xiang, 2020. "Bank Heterogeneity and Financial Stability," NBER Working Papers 27376, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Catalán, Mario & Hoffmaister, Alexander W. & Harun, Cicilia Anggadewi, 2020. "Bank capital and lending: Evidence of nonlinearity from Indonesia," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    10. Guimaraes, Bernardo & Jardanovski, Gabriel, 2021. "Who matters in dynamic coordination problems?," Textos para discussão 543, FGV EESP - Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Fundação Getulio Vargas (Brazil).
    11. Berger, Allen N. & Molyneux, Phil & Wilson, John O.S., 2020. "Banks and the real economy: An assessment of the research," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    12. Zheng, Huanhuan, 2020. "Coordinated bubbles and crashes," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 120(C).
    13. Guimaraes, Bernardo & Pereira, Ana Elisa, 2017. "Dynamic coordination among heterogeneous agents," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 13-33.
    14. Biswas, Swarnava S. & Gómez, Fabiana, 2018. "Contagion through common borrowers," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 125-132.
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    16. Allen N. Berger, 2018. "The Benefits and Costs of the TARP Bailouts: A Critical Assessment," Quarterly Journal of Finance (QJF), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 8(02), pages 1-29, June.
    17. Silva, Walmir & Kimura, Herbert & Sobreiro, Vinicius Amorim, 2017. "An analysis of the literature on systemic financial risk: A survey," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 91-114.

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    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G00 - Financial Economics - - General - - - General

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