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Adverse Selection, Liquidity, and Market Breakdown

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  • Koralai Kirabaeva

Abstract

This paper studies the interaction between adverse selection, liquidity risk and beliefs about systemic risk in determining market liquidity, asset prices and welfare. Even a small amount of adverse selection in the asset market can lead to fire-sale pricing and possibly to a market breakdown if it is accompanied by a flight-to-liquidity, a misassessment of systemic risk, or uncertainty about asset values. The ability to trade based on private information improves welfare if adverse selection does not lead to a market breakdown. Informed trading allows financial institutions to reduce idiosyncratic risks, but it exacerbates their exposure to systemic risk. Further, I show that in a market equilibrium, financial institutions overinvest into risky illiquid assets (relative to the constrained efficient allocation), which creates systemic externalities. Also, I explore possible policy responses and discuss their effectiveness.

Suggested Citation

  • Koralai Kirabaeva, 2010. "Adverse Selection, Liquidity, and Market Breakdown," Staff Working Papers 10-32, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:10-32
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Stephen Morris & Hyun Song Shin, 2010. "Contagious Adverse Selection - Revised November, 2010," Working Papers 1282, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Econometric Research Program..

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial institutions; Financial markets; Financial stability;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design

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