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The monetary policy transmission mechanism under financial dollarization: the case of Peru 1996-2006

  • Renzo Rossini


    (Central Reserve Bank of Peru)

  • Marco Vega


    (Central Reserve Bank of Peru)

This paper analyzes the changes in the monetary policy transmission mechanism in Peru. A strong conclusion that emerges from this research is that both, the direct interest rate channel and the expectations channel have become more important in the recent years, especially after the Inflation Targeting adoption. The research further explores the implications of financial dollarization for the practice of monetary policy by performing two exercises. First, it compares different degrees of exchange rate flexibility and finds out that the more flexible the exchange rate is, the quicker but weaker the exchange rate pass-through becomes. Second, since financial dollarization may trigger contractionary depreciations, the document studies implications for monetary policy. The conclusion is that the effectiveness of monetary policy can be further improved if the economy becomes less dollarized.

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Paper provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its series Working Papers with number 2007-017.

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Date of creation: Nov 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2007-017
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  1. Adrián Armas & Francisco Grippa, 2005. "Targeting Inflation in a Dollarized Economy: The Peruvian Experience," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6827, Inter-American Development Bank.
  2. Amato, Jeffery D. & Gerlach, Stefan, 2002. "Inflation targeting in emerging market and transition economies: Lessons after a decade," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(4-5), pages 781-790, May.
  3. Zenon Quispe Misaico, 2001. "Transmission mechanisms of monetary policy in an economy with partial dollarisation: the case of Peru," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Modelling aspects of the inflation process and the monetary transmission mechanism in emerging market countries, volume 8, pages 210-231 Bank for International Settlements.
  4. Woodford, M., 1999. "Optimal Monetary Policy Inertia.," Papers 666, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
  5. Frankel, Jeffrey A. & Wei, Shang-jin & Parsley, David, 2012. "Slow Pass-through Around the World: A New Import for Developing Countries?," Scholarly Articles 10494212, Harvard Kennedy School of Government.
  6. Diego Winkelried & Marco Vega, 2004. "How Does Global Disinflation Drag Inflation in Small Open Economies?," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 76, Econometric Society.
  7. Bofinger, Peter & Wollmershäuser, Timo, 2003. "Managed floating as a monetary policy strategy," Munich Reprints in Economics 20206, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  8. Moron, Eduardo & Winkelried, Diego, 2005. "Monetary policy rules for financially vulnerable economies," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 23-51, February.
  9. Sebastian Edwards, 2006. "The Relationship Between Exchange Rates and Inflation Targeting Revisited," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 409, Central Bank of Chile.
  10. Leonardo Leiderman & Rodolfo Maino & Eric Parrado, 2006. "Inflation Targeting in Dollarized Economies," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 368, Central Bank of Chile.
  11. Erick Lahura, 2005. "El efecto traspaso de la tasa de interés y la política monetaria en el Perú: 1995-2004," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2005-244, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  12. León Fernández, David, 1999. "La información contenida en los agregados monetarios en el Perú," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 5.
  13. Paul Castillo & Carlos Montoro & Vicente Tuesta, 2013. "An Estimated Stochastic General Equilibrium Model with Partial Dollarization: A Bayesian Approach," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 217-265, April.
  14. Adolfo Barajas & Roberto Steiner, 2002. "Credit Stagnation in Latin America," IMF Working Papers 02/53, International Monetary Fund.
  15. Winkelried Quezada, Diego, 2004. "Tendencias comunes y análisis de la política monetaria en el Perú," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 11.
  16. Luis Carranza & Juan M. Cayo & José E. Galdón-Sánchez, 2003. "Exchange Rate Volatility and Economic Performance in Peru: A Firm Level Analysis," Faculty Working Papers 12/03, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Navarra.
  17. Winkelried, Diego, 2003. "¿Es asimétrico el pass-through en el Perú?: Un análisis agregado," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 10.
  18. Bringas, Paul & Tuesta, Vicente, 1997. "El superávit de encaje y los mecanismos de Transmisión de la política monetaria: una aproximación," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 1, pages 33-50.
  19. Rossini Miñán, Renzo, 2001. "Aspectos de la adopción de un régimen de metas de inflación en el Perú," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 7.
  20. Quispe Misaico, Zenón, 2000. "Política monetaria en una economía con dolarización parcial: el caso del Perú," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 6.
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