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El mecanismo de transmisión de la política monetaria en un entorno de dolarización financiera: El caso del Perú entre 1996 y 2006

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  • Rossini, Renzo
  • Vega, Marco

Abstract

El presente estudio analiza los cambios en el mecanismo de transmisión de la política monetaria en el Perú. Una conclusión resaltante que surge a partir de esta investigación es que tanto el canal directo de la tasa de interés como el canal de expectativas han adquirido mayor importancia en los últimos años, especialmente desde que se adoptó el esquema de Metas Explícitas de Inflación. La investigación explora asimismo las implicancias de la dolarización financiera para la práctica de la política monetaria, realizando dos ejercicios con este propósito. En primer lugar, se comparan distintos niveles de flexibilidad del tipo de cambio, observándose que a medida que éste es más flexible, el traspaso del tipo de cambio a precios se hace más rápido pero a la vez se debilita. En segundo lugar, ya que la dolarización financiera generalmente supone depreciaciones contractivas, se estudian las implicancias tanto de las depreciaciones expansivas como de las contractivas. La conclusión es que la efectividad de la política monetaria puede mejorarse aun más si la economía está menos dolarizada.

Suggested Citation

  • Rossini, Renzo & Vega, Marco, 2007. "El mecanismo de transmisión de la política monetaria en un entorno de dolarización financiera: El caso del Perú entre 1996 y 2006," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 14, pages 11-32.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-14-01
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    File URL: http://www.bcrp.gob.pe/docs/Publicaciones/Revista-Estudios-Economicos/14/Estudios-Economicos-14-1.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Peter Bofinger & Timo Wollmershäuser, 2003. "Managed Floating as a Monetary Policy Strategy," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 81-109, June.
    2. Sebastian Edwards, 2006. "The Relationship Between Exchange Rates and Inflation Targeting Revisited," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 409, Central Bank of Chile.
    3. Jeffrey Frankel & David Parsley & Shang-Jin Wei, 2012. "Slow Pass-through Around the World: A New Import for Developing Countries?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 23(2), pages 213-251, April.
    4. Diego Winkelried & Marco Vega, 2004. "How Does Global Disinflation Drag Inflation in Small Open Economies?," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 76, Econometric Society.
    5. Moron, Eduardo & Winkelried, Diego, 2005. "Monetary policy rules for financially vulnerable economies," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 23-51, February.
    6. Woodford, Michael, 1999. "Optimal Monetary Policy Inertia," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 67(0), pages 1-35, Supplemen.
    7. Adolfo Barajas & Roberto Steiner, 2002. "Credit Stagnation in Latin America," IMF Working Papers 02/53, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Adrián Armas & Francisco Grippa, 2005. "Targeting Inflation in a Dollarized Economy: The Peruvian Experience," Research Department Publications 4423, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lahura, Erick, 2012. "Midiendo los efectos de la política monetaria a través de las expectativas de mercado," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 23, pages 39-52.
    2. Maertens Odria, Luís Ricardo & Castillo, Paul & Rodriguez, Gabriel, 2012. "Does the exchange rate pass-through into prices change when inflation targeting is adopted? The Peruvian case study between 1994 and 2007," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 1154-1166.
    3. Dancourt, Óscar & Jiménez Sotelo, Renzo, 2010. "Perú: Lecciones de la recesión de 2008-2009
      [Peru: Lessons from the recession of 2008-2009]
      ," MPRA Paper 74889, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Renzo Jiménez Sotelo, 2009. "Acceso de la banca de desarrollo al banco central: el caso de COFIDE y las tasas de interés en Perú," Boletín, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(3), pages 119-138, Julio-sep.
    5. Pérez-Forero, Fernando & Vega, Marco, 2014. "The Dynamic Effects of Interest Rates and Reserve Requirements," Working Papers 2014-018, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    6. repec:udc:esteco:v:44:y:2017:i:2:p:223-250 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Santiago Acosta Ormaechea & David O Coble Fernandez, 2011. "The Monetary Transmission in Dollarized and Non-Dollarized Economies; The Cases of Chile, New Zealand, Peru and Uruguay," IMF Working Papers 11/87, International Monetary Fund.

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