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¿Qué explica las fluctuaciones de la inflación en el Perú en el periodo 2002-2008? Evidencia de un análisis VAR estructural

  • Salas, Jorge

En este trabajo se realiza un ejercicio de descomposición histórica de la inflación peruana a partir de un modelo VAR estructural identificado con restricciones de largo plazo. Mediante este ejercicio se estima la contribución de distintas fuentes de choques de origen doméstico y externo a la evolución observada de la inflación desde la adopción del régimen de Metas de Inflación en el Perú (2002) hasta el segundo trimestre de 2008. Los resultados indican que los choques domésticos de demanda han sido los más relevantes en la primera parte de la muestra (hasta 2005, aproximadamente), mientras que posteriormente los choques de origen foráneo – asociados a la inflación externa y a los términos de intercambio – han conducido en mayor medida las fluctuaciones inflacionarias.

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Article provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its journal Revista Estudios Económicos.

Volume (Year): (2009)
Issue (Month): 16 ()
Pages: 9-36

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Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-16-01
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  1. Gourinchas, Pierre-Oliver & Farhi, Emmanuel & Caballero, Ricardo J., 2008. "Financial Crash, Commodity Prices, and Global Imbalances," Scholarly Articles 3229095, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  2. Bart Hobijn, 2008. "Commodity price movements and PCE inflation," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 14(Nov).
  3. Smets, Frank & Wouters, Raf, 2007. "Shocks and frictions in US business cycles: a Bayesian DSGE approach," Working Paper Series 0722, European Central Bank.
  4. Vallejos, Lucy, 2008. "Precios de los alimentos e inflación," Revista Moneda, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 137, pages 5-9.
  5. Saki Bigio & Jorge Salas, 2006. "Non-Linear Effects of Monetary Policy and Real Exchange Rate Shocks in Partially Dollarized Economies: An Empirical Study for Peru," Working Papers 2006-008, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  6. Alejandro Justiniano & Bruce Preston, 2009. "Can structural small open economy models account for the influence of foreign disturbances?," Working Paper Series WP-09-19, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  7. Winkelried, Diego, 2003. "¿Es asimétrico el pass-through en el Perú?: Un análisis agregado," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 10.
  8. Laurence Ball & N. Gregory Mankiw, 1992. "Relative-Price Changes as Aggregate Supply Shocks," NBER Working Papers 4168, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Danny Quah & Shaun Vahey, 1995. "Measuring Core Inflation," Bank of England working papers 31, Bank of England.
  10. Jose De Gregorio. & Oscar Landerretche. & Christopher Neilson., 2007. "Another Pass-Through Bites the Dust? Oil Prices and Inflation," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 417, Central Bank of Chile.
  11. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Quah, Danny, 1989. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 655-73, September.
  12. Barrera Carlos, 2007. "Proyecciones desagregadas de inflación con modelos Sparse VAR robustos," Working Papers 2007-015, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  13. Winkelried, Diego, 2003. "Hacia una meta explícita de inflación: Anticipando la inflación en el Perú," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 9, pages 11-40.
  14. Ilan Goldfajn & Rodrigo O. Valdes, 1996. "The Aftermath of Appreciations," NBER Working Papers 5650, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Diego Winkelried Quezada, 2005. "Tendencias comunes y análisis de la política monetaria en el Perú," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(3), pages 279-317, julio-sep.
  16. Browne, Frank & Cronin, David, 2010. "Commodity prices, money and inflation," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 62(4), pages 331-345, July.
  17. Leonardo Leiderman & Rodolfo Maino & Eric Parrado, 2006. "Inflation Targeting in Dollarized Economies," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 368, Central Bank of Chile.
  18. Mendoza, Enrique G, 1995. "The Terms of Trade, the Real Exchange Rate, and Economic Fluctuations," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 36(1), pages 101-37, February.
  19. International Monetary Fund, 2009. "Adding Latin America to the Global Projection Model," IMF Working Papers 09/85, International Monetary Fund.
  20. Paul Castillo & Alberto Humala & Vicente Tuesta, 2007. "Monetary Policy, Regime Shifts, and Inflation Uncertainty in Peru (1949-2006)," Working Papers 2007-005, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  21. Gonzalo Llosa & Vicente Tuesta & Marco Vega, 2006. "A BVAR Forecasting Model for Peruvian Inflation," Money Affairs, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 117-141, July-Dece.
  22. Inci Ötker & David Vávra & Francisco F. Vázquez & Luis Ignacio Jácome & Karl Friedrich Habermeier & Kotaro Ishi & Alessandro Giustiniani & Turgut Kisinbay, 2009. "Inflation Pressures and Monetary Policy Options in Emerging and Developing Countries-A Cross Regional Perspective," IMF Working Papers 09/1, International Monetary Fund.
  23. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:6:y:2004:i:6:p:1-8 is not listed on IDEAS
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