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Hechos estilizados de la economía peruana

Author

Listed:
  • Castillo, Paul
  • Montoro, Carlos
  • Tuesta, Vicente

Abstract

Este trabajo contribuye a la discusión de políticas macroeconómicas para la economía peruana, reportando un conjunto amplio de hechos estilizados para el periodo 1980-2005. La documentación de esto hechos permitirá una mayor comprensión de las características distintivas de Perú y por tanto servirá como herramienta de evaluación de modelos de comportamiento para la economía peruana. Los resultados de este trabajo se resumen a continuación: primero, se verifica un cambio importante en la estructura de la economía peruana en los 90's respecto a los 80's. En particular, en los 90's se observa una mayor apertura comercial y financiera, una mayor estabilidad de las políticas fiscal y monetaria, y una mayor profundización de los mercados financieros. Segundo, a raíz del cambio en la estructura y de la adopción del régimen monetario de metas explícitas de inflación en el año 2002, el comportamiento cíclico de las principales variables macroeconómicas ha cambiado significativamente. En particular, en comparación con el periodo previo (1980-1993), durante el último periodo (1994-2005) se observa: una considerable reducción en la volatilidad del producto (casi 4 veces) y de sus principales componentes, una mayor asociación de los términos de intercambio con el ciclo económico, una política fiscal menos pro-cíclica, y a partir del 2002, una mayor importancia de las tasas de interés en la evolución tanto del ciclo económico como de la inflación.

Suggested Citation

  • Castillo, Paul & Montoro, Carlos & Tuesta, Vicente, 2007. "Hechos estilizados de la economía peruana," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 14, pages 33-75.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-14-02
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Paul Castillo & Carlos Montoro & Vicente Tuesta, 2013. "An Estimated Stochastic General Equilibrium Model with Partial Dollarization: A Bayesian Approach," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 217-265, April.
    2. Carrera Cesar, 2012. "Estimating Information Rigidity Using Firms' Survey Data," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 12(1), pages 1-34, June.
    3. Montoro Carlos & Moreno Eduardo, 2007. "Structural Fiscal Rules and The Business Cycle," Working Papers 2007-011, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    4. Salas, Jorge, 2009. "¿Qué explica las fluctuaciones de la inflación en el Perú en el periodo 2002-2008? Evidencia de un análisis VAR estructural," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 16, pages 9-36.
    5. Roberto Duncan, 2015. "Simple Models to Understand and Teach Business Cycle Macroeconomics for Emerging Market and Developing Economies," Working Papers 2015-49, Peruvian Economic Association.
    6. Tuesta Vicente, 2007. "Independencia Legal y Efectiva del Banco Central de Reserva del Perú," Working Papers 2007-012, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    7. Ángel Guillén & Gabriel Rodríguez, 2014. "Trend-cycle decomposition for Peruvian GDP: application of an alternative method," Latin American Economic Review, Springer;Centro de Investigaciòn y Docencia Económica (CIDE), vol. 23(1), pages 1-44, December.
    8. Orrego, Fabrizio, 2009. "Una nota sobre el crecimiento del crédito al sector privado en el Perú," Working Papers 2009-002, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    9. Montoro, Carlos & Moreno, Eduardo, 2008. "Reglas fiscales y la volatilidad del producto," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 15, pages 65-92.
    10. Cabrera, Nilda & Bejarano, Edilean & Savino Portugal, Marcelo, 2011. "Preferences of the Central Reserve Bank of Peru and optimal monetary policy rules in the inflation targeting regime," Working Papers 2011-010, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    11. Soledad Feal Zubimendi & Mara Rojas & Mariana Inés Zilio, 2009. "Stylized Facts for the Argentine Economy," Ensayos Económicos, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department, vol. 1(56), pages 157-210, October -.

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