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Términos de intercambio y productividad total de factores: Evidencia empírica de los mercados emergentes de América latina

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  • Castillo, Paul
  • Rojas, Youel

Abstract

En este documento se utiliza datos trimestrales para identificar la relación entre los términos de intercambio y la productividad total de factores (PTF) para México, Perú y Chile. Se utiliza un enfoque de dos etapas: primero, se estima la senda histórica de la PTF para cada país utilizando un modelo estructural DSGE para una economía pequeña y abierta. Luego, en un segundo paso, la PTF se descompone entre un componente doméstico y uno externo ligado a los términos de intercambio, haciendo uso de un modelo VAR estructural con restricciones de largo plazo, como en Blanchard y Quah (1989). Se encuentra que los choques de términos de intercambio generan importantes ganancias de productividad en las economías consideradas, no solo de corto plazo sino también de mediano y largo plazos, predominando en nuestra muestra los impactos de corto y mediano plazos.

Suggested Citation

  • Castillo, Paul & Rojas, Youel, 2014. "Términos de intercambio y productividad total de factores: Evidencia empírica de los mercados emergentes de América latina," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 28, pages 27-46.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-28-02
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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