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Productividad y tratados de libre comercio a nivel de empresas en Perú

Author

Listed:
  • Nikita Céspedes

    (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú)

  • Maria E. Aquije

    (SUNAT)

  • Alan Sánchez

    (GRADE)

  • Rafael Vera-Tudela

    (Sociedad Nacional de Industrias)

Abstract

En este documento se estudia la relación de la productividad con la apertura comercial en el Perú haciendo uso de un modelo pseudo experimental. Se considera dos indicadores de productividad medidos a nivel de firmas formales: la productividad laboral y la productividad total de factores. Se encuentra que las firmas que participan del comercio internacional ya sea como exportadores y/o importadores tienen sistemáticamente una mayor productividad en comparación con las que destinan su producción solo al mercado interno. Los tratados de libre comercio, en promedio, generan una brecha de productividad positiva, siendo las empresas que destinan sus ventas hacia Estados Unidos de Norte América las que tienen mayores brechas. Estos resultados son robustos a controles por heterogeneidad observable y por sesgo de selección por muerte y/o rotación de empresas.

Suggested Citation

  • Nikita Céspedes & Maria E. Aquije & Alan Sánchez & Rafael Vera-Tudela, 2014. "Productividad y tratados de libre comercio a nivel de empresas en Perú," Working Papers 2014-27, Peruvian Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:apc:wpaper:2014-027
    as

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    File URL: http://perueconomics.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/WP-27.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Nikita Céspedes & María E. Aquije & Alan Sánchez & Rafael Vera Tudela, 2016. "Productividad sectorial en el Perú: un análisis a nivel de firmas," Chapters of Books,in: Nikita Céspedes & Pablo Lavado & Nelson Ramírez Rondán (ed.), Productividad en el Perú: medición, determinantes e implicancias, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 3, pages 70-92 Fondo Editorial, Universidad del Pacífico.
    2. Andrew B. Bernard & Jonathan Eaton & J. Bradford Jensen & Samuel Kortum, 2003. "Plants and Productivity in International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1268-1290, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Castillo, Paul & Rojas, Youel, 2014. "Términos de intercambio y productividad total de factores: Evidencia empírica de los mercados emergentes de América latina," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 28, pages 27-46.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    TLC; Productividad a nivel de Firmas; Firmas; Apertura comercial; pseudo experimental;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

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