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Productividad y tratados de libre comercio a nivel de empresas en Perú

Listed author(s):
  • Nikita Céspedes

    (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú)

  • Maria E. Aquije

    (SUNAT)

  • Alan Sánchez

    (GRADE)

  • Rafael Vera-Tudela

    (Sociedad Nacional de Industrias)

En este documento se estudia la relación de la productividad con la apertura comercial en el Perú haciendo uso de un modelo pseudo experimental. Se considera dos indicadores de productividad medidos a nivel de firmas formales: la productividad laboral y la productividad total de factores. Se encuentra que las firmas que participan del comercio internacional ya sea como exportadores y/o importadores tienen sistemáticamente una mayor productividad en comparación con las que destinan su producción solo al mercado interno. Los tratados de libre comercio, en promedio, generan una brecha de productividad positiva, siendo las empresas que destinan sus ventas hacia Estados Unidos de Norte América las que tienen mayores brechas. Estos resultados son robustos a controles por heterogeneidad observable y por sesgo de selección por muerte y/o rotación de empresas.

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File URL: http://perueconomics.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/WP-27.pdf
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Paper provided by Peruvian Economic Association in its series Working Papers with number 2014-27.

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Date of creation: Dec 2014
Handle: RePEc:apc:wpaper:2014-027
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://perueconomics.org/

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  1. Nikita Céspedes & Nelson Ramirez-Rondán, 2014. "Total Factor Productivity Estimation in Peru: Primal and Dual Approaches," Revista Economía, Fondo Editorial de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, vol. 37(73), pages 9-39.
  2. Céspedes, Nikita & Aquije, María & Sánchez, Alan & Vera Tudela, Rafael, 2014. "Productividad sectorial en el Perú: Un análisis a nivel de firmas," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 28, pages 9-26.
  3. Andrew B. Bernard & Jonathan Eaton & J. Bradford Jensen & Samuel Kortum, 2003. "Plants and Productivity in International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1268-1290, September.
  4. Feenstra, Robert C. & Madani, Dorsati & Yang, Tzu-Han & Liang, Chi-Yuan, 1999. "Testing endogenous growth in South Korea and Taiwan," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 317-341, December.
  5. Richard Disney & Jonathan Haskel & Ylva Heden, 2003. "Restructuring and productivity growth in uk manufacturing," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(489), pages 666-694, 07.
  6. Olley, G Steven & Pakes, Ariel, 1996. "The Dynamics of Productivity in the Telecommunications Equipment Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(6), pages 1263-1297, November.
  7. Wagner, Joachim, 2002. "The causal effects of exports on firm size and labor productivity: first evidence from a matching approach," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 287-292, October.
  8. Tovar Rodríguez, Patricia & Chuy Kon, Alejandro, 2000. "Términos de intercambio y ciclos económicos: 1950 - 1998," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 6.
  9. Roberts, Mark J & Tybout, James R, 1997. "The Decision to Export in Colombia: An Empirical Model of Entry with Sunk Costs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(4), pages 545-564, September.
  10. Nina Pavcnik, 2002. "Trade Liberalization, Exit, and Productivity Improvements: Evidence from Chilean Plants," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(1), pages 245-276.
  11. Marc J. Melitz & Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano, 2008. "Market Size, Trade, and Productivity," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 75(1), pages 295-316.
  12. Ruiz, Edward, 2014. "Elección de los modos de exportación: Evidencia de empresas peruanas," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 28, pages 61-76.
  13. De Hoyos, Rafael E. & Iacovone, Leonardo, 2013. "Economic Performance under NAFTA: A Firm-Level Analysis of the Trade-productivity Linkages," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 180-193.
  14. Marc J. Melitz, 2003. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1695-1725, November.
  15. Céspedes, Nikita & Sánchez, Alan, 2013. "Minimum Wage and Job Mobility," Working Papers 2013-012, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  16. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen, 2004. "Why Some Firms Export," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(2), pages 561-569, May.
  17. Ernesto López-Córdova, 2003. "NAFTA and Manufacturing Productivity in Mexico," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Fall 2003), pages 55-98, August.
  18. Mario Tello, 2008. "Barreras no arancelarias y protección externa e interna de los productos transables agropecuarios: El caso del Perú, 2000-2008," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2008-267, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  19. Ruiz, Manuel, 2014. "Elección de los Modos de Exportación: Evidencia de Empresas Peruanas," Working Papers 2014-004, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  20. Marc J. Melitz & Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano, 2008. "Market Size, Trade, and Productivity (DOI:10.111/j.1467-937x.2007.00463.x)," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 75(3), pages 985-985.
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