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Elección de los Modos de Exportación: Evidencia de Empresas Peruanas


  • Ruiz, Manuel

    (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú)


En este documento se contrasta la hipótesis modificada de autoselección para empresas formales peruanas. Se consideran 3 tipos: aquellas que producen solo para el mercado interno, las que producen para el mercado interno y para el mercado externo indirectamente vía intermediarios comerciales, y aquellas que producen para el mercado interno y para el mercado externo directamente a través de filiales de distribución establecidas en el exterior, de acuerdo con Felbermayr y Jung (2011) y con Verma y Mc Williams (2013). Se utiliza un modelo de datos ordenados que permite discriminar entre estas tres categorías. Se encuentra que el ordenamiento para la elección de los modos de exportación se da a través de diferencias de productividad factorial total aproximadas por variables tales como el tamaño de la firma, entre otras.

Suggested Citation

  • Ruiz, Manuel, 2014. "Elección de los Modos de Exportación: Evidencia de Empresas Peruanas," Working Papers 2014-004, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2014-004

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nikita Céspedes & Nelson Ramirez-Rondán, 2014. "Total Factor Productivity Estimation in Peru: Primal and Dual Approaches," Revista Economía, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, vol. 37(73), pages 9-39.
    2. Dani Rodrik, 2008. "The Real Exchange Rate and Economic Growth," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 39(2 (Fall)), pages 365-439.
    3. Elhanan Helpman & Marc J. Melitz & Stephen R. Yeaple, 2004. "Export Versus FDI with Heterogeneous Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 300-316, March.
    4. Gabriel Felbermayr & Benjamin Jung, 2011. "Trade Intermediation and the Organization of Exporters," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(4), pages 634-648, September.
    5. Patrizio Pagano & Fabiano Schivardi, 2003. "Firm Size Distribution and Growth," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 105(2), pages 255-274, June.
    6. Jean Tirole, 1988. "The Theory of Industrial Organization," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262200716, July.
    7. Gabriel Felbermayr & Benjamin Jung, 2011. "Trade Intermediation and the Organization of Exporters," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(4), pages 634-648, September.
    8. Jennifer Abel-Koch, 2013. "Who Uses Intermediaries in International Trade? Evidence from Firm-level Survey Data," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(8), pages 1041-1064, August.
    9. Mario Tello, 2008. "Barreras no arancelarias y protección externa e interna de los productos transables agropecuarios: El caso del Perú, 2000-2008," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2008-267, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    10. Jolanda Hessels & Siri Terjesen, 2007. "SME Choice of Direct and Indirect Export Modes: Resource Dependency and Institutional Theory Perspectives," Scales Research Reports H200712, EIM Business and Policy Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nikita Céspedes & Maria E. Aquije & Alan Sánchez & Rafael Vera-Tudela, 2014. "Productividad y tratados de libre comercio a nivel de empresas en Perú," Working Papers 2014-27, Peruvian Economic Association.

    More about this item


    Intermediación comercial; firmas heterogéneas; productividad; probit ordenado; tamaño de la firma;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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