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NAFTA and Manufacturing Productivity in Mexico

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  • Ernesto López-Córdova

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Abstract

Using a panel of Mexican manufacturing plants over the period 1993-1999, I estimate total factor productivity (TFP) at the plant level and study its evolution in the face of trade and investment liberalization under the North American Free Trade Agreement. I implement the Olley-Pakes (1996) algorithm on the data to correct for simultaneity and sample selection problems a¤ecting OLS estimates. I then relate the evolution of TFP over the period to tariff levels in Mexico and the United States, import penetration, exporting activities, imported inputs use and foreign capital participation. I ...nd that increased import competition and access to the U.S. market have had a positive impact on TFP. Foreign capital also has had a positive impact on TFP, but intra-industry spillovers are negative. Last, there is no clear evidence regarding the impact from the use of imported inputs or from exporting operations.

Suggested Citation

  • Ernesto López-Córdova, 2003. "NAFTA and Manufacturing Productivity in Mexico," ECONOMIA JOURNAL, THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2003), pages 55-98, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000425:008679
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. François Bourguignon & Maurizio Bussolo & Luiz A. Pereira da Silva, 2008. "The Impact of Macroeconomic Policies on Poverty and Income Distribution : Macro-Micro Evaluation Techniques and Tools," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6586.
    2. Juan Carlos Chávez Martín del Campo & Luis Fernando López Ornelas, 2014. "Un enfoque no paramétrico para la descomposición de la productividad del trabajo en la industria manufacturera regional," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(2), pages 33-58, November.
    3. Carlos Felipe Jaramillo & Daniel Lederman & Maurizio Bussolo & David Gould & Andrew Mason, 2006. "Challenges of CAFTA : Maximizing the Benefits for Central America," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7127.
    4. Miguel Fuentes & Pablo Ibarrarán, 2012. "Firm dynamics and real exchange rate fluctuations: Does trade openness matter? Evidence from Mexico's manufacturing sector," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(3), pages 409-469, May.
    5. M Ayhan Kose & Eswar Prasad & Kenneth Rogoff & Shang-Jin Wei, 2009. "Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 56(1), pages 8-62, April.
    6. Kosteas, Vasilios D., 2008. "Trade Protection and Capital Imports in the Mexican Manufacturing Sector," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 2822-2837, December.
    7. Céspedes, Nikita & Aquije, Maria E. & Sánchez, Alan & Vera-Tudela, Rafael, 2014. "Productividad y tratados de libre comercio a nivel de empresas en Perú," Working Papers 2014-014, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    8. Hernando Zuleta & Orlando Gracia, 2004. "The Free Trade Agreement between Colombia and USA: What can happen to Colombia?," INVESTIGACIÓN ECONÓMICA EN COLOMBIA 003594, FUNDACIÓN PONDO.
    9. Haltiwanger, John & Kugler, Adriana & Kugler, Maurice & Micco, Alejandro & Pagés, Carmen, 2004. "Effects of tariffs and real exchange rates on job reallocation: evidence from Latin America," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 0410, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    10. Iacovone, Leonardo, 2012. "The better you are the stronger it makes you: Evidence on the asymmetric impact of liberalization," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(2), pages 474-485.
    11. Juan Carlos Chávez & Felipe J. Fonseca, 2012. "Technical and Structural Efficiency in Mexican Manufacturing: A Regional Approach," Working Papers 2012-03, Banco de México.
    12. De Hoyos, Rafael E. & Iacovone, Leonardo, 2013. "Economic Performance under NAFTA: A Firm-Level Analysis of the Trade-productivity Linkages," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 180-193.
    13. Octavio Escobar, 2011. "The location pattern of FDI in Mexico after NAFTA," ERSA conference papers ersa10p804, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    NAFTA; trade liberalization; manufacturing; productivity; foreign directinvestment;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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