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Un enfoque no paramétrico para la descomposición de la productividad del trabajo en la industria manufacturera regional

Author

Listed:
  • Juan Carlos Chávez Martín del Campo

    () (Banco de México. Dirección General de Investigación Económica. Guadalajara, Jalisco. México.)

  • Luis Fernando López Ornelas

    () (Banco de México. Dirección General de Investigación Económica. Guadalajara, Jalisco. México.)

Abstract

Esta investigación descompone la brecha regional y la variación intertemporal de la productividad del trabajo de la industria manufacturera en las contribuciones de la eficiencia técnica y la intensidad de capital, así como en la contribución del cambio tecnológico en el caso intertemporal. Los resultados indican que las diferencias interregionales en la productividad del trabajo en México se deben, principalmente, a la eficiencia técnica con la que opera la industria en las distintas regiones del país y, en menor medida, a las diferencias regionales en el acervo de capital físico por trabajador. Por otro lado, el crecimiento de la productividad del trabajo distó de ser homogéneo en el nivel regional durante el periodo 1998-2008. En el norte y el sur, el incremento en la productividad laboral tuvo como motor principal a la eficiencia técnica; mientras que en las regiones centrales el cambio tecnológico fue el factor de mayor influencia.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Carlos Chávez Martín del Campo & Luis Fernando López Ornelas, 2014. "Un enfoque no paramétrico para la descomposición de la productividad del trabajo en la industria manufacturera regional," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(2), pages 33-58, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xxxiii:y:2014:i:2:p:33-58
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Montes-Rojas, Gabriel & Santamaria, Mauricio, 2007. "Sources of productivity growth: Evidence from the Mexican manufacturing sector," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 263-278, December.
    2. Héctor Salgado Banda & Lorenzo Bernal Verdugo, 2011. "Multifactor productivity and its determinants: an empirical analysis for Mexican manufacturing," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 293-308, December.
    3. Anthony Shorrocks, 2013. "Decomposition procedures for distributional analysis: a unified framework based on the Shapley value," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 11(1), pages 99-126, March.
    4. Ernesto López-Córdova, 2003. "NAFTA and Manufacturing Productivity in Mexico," ECONOMIA JOURNAL, THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2003), pages 55-98, August.
    5. Mercedes Gumbau-Albert, 2000. "Efficiency and technical progress: sources of convergence in the Spanish regions," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(4), pages 467-478.
    6. Bannister, Geoffrey J. & Stolp, Chandler, 1995. "Regional concentration and efficiency in Mexican manufacturing," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 80(3), pages 672-690, February.
    7. Blalock, Garrick & Gertler, Paul J., 2004. "Learning from exporting revisited in a less developed setting," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(2), pages 397-416, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Intensidad de capital; Productividad del trabajo; Eficiencia técnica; Cambio tecnológico; Manufacturas; Valor de Shapley;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics

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