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Minimum wage and job mobility

Author

Listed:
  • Nikita Céspedes

    (Departamento de Economía de la PUCP y Banco Central de la Reserva del Perú)

  • Alan Sánchez

    (GRADE)

Abstract

Se estudia los efectos de cambios en el salario mínimo utilizando una base de datos que registra 7 cambios consecutivos de este indicador (entre 2002 y 2011). Se estima que 1 millón de trabajadores tienen ingresos en la vecindad del salario mínimo. Los efectos sobre el empleo son decrecientes en términos absolutos según tamaño de empresa: efecto moderado en grandes empresas y efectos mayores en empresas pequeñas. Finalmente, se sugiere que los cambios en el ingreso están correlacionados con los cambios en el salario mínimo, este resultado se sustenta en los movimientos de la distribución del ingreso ante cambios en el salario mínimo y según un modelo que captura los determinantes del ingreso. Los resultados son robustos a la alta rotación del mercado laboral peruano, es decir al considerar las transiciones empleo - empleo en los cálculos.

Suggested Citation

  • Nikita Céspedes & Alan Sánchez, 2013. "Minimum wage and job mobility," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2013-359, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00359
    as

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    File URL: http://files.pucp.edu.pe/departamento/economia/DDD359.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Card, David & Krueger, Alan B, 1994. "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast-Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 772-793, September.
    2. DiNardo, John & Fortin, Nicole M & Lemieux, Thomas, 1996. "Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages, 1973-1992: A Semiparametric Approach," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(5), pages 1001-1044, September.
    3. Peter F. Orazem & J. Peter Mattila, 2002. "Minimum Wage Effects on Hours, Employment, and Number of Firms: The Iowa Case," Journal of Labor Research, Transaction Publishers, vol. 23(1), pages 3-23, January.
    4. Miguel Jaramillo & Kristian López, 2006. "¿Cómo se ajusta el mercado de trabajo ante cambios en el salario mínimo en el Perú? Una evaluación de la experiencia de la última década," Documentos de Investigación dt50, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
    5. Bell, Linda A, 1997. "The Impact of Minimum Wages in Mexico and Colombia," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(3), pages 102-135, July.
    6. Pereira, Sonia C., 2003. "The impact of minimum wages on youth employment in Portugal," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 229-244, April.
    7. Céspedes, Nikita & Gutiérrez, Ana Paola & Belapatiño, Vanessa, 2013. "Determinantes de la duración del desempleo en una economía con alta informalidad," Working Papers 2013-022, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    8. Gerard J. van den Berg & Geert Ridder, 1998. "An Empirical Equilibrium Search Model of the Labor Market," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(5), pages 1183-1222, September.
    9. Céspedes, Nikita, 2006. "Efectos del salario mínimo en el mercado laboral peruano," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 13.
    10. Meyer, Robert H & Wise, David A, 1983. "Discontinuous Distributions and Missing Persons: The Minimum Wage and Unemployed Youth," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(6), pages 1677-1698, November.
    11. Jose Rodriguez & Minoru Higa, 2010. "Informalidad, empleo y productividad," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2010-282, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    12. Michele Campolieti & Tony Fang & Morley Gunderson, 2005. "Minimum wage impacts on youth employment transitions, 1993-1999," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(1), pages 81-104, February.
    13. Miguel Jaramillo Baanante, 2012. "Ajustes del mercado laboral peruano ante cambios en el salario mínimo: la experiencia de la década del 2000," Capítulos de Libros PUCP / Chapters of PUCP books,in: Cecilia Garavito & Ismael Muñoz (ed.), EMPLEO Y PROTECCIÓN SOCIAL, edition 1, chapter 11, pages 357-402 Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    14. repec:fth:prinin:300 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Del Valle, Marielle, 2009. "Impacto del ajuste de la Remuneración Mínima Vital sobre el empleo y la informalidad," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 16, pages 83-102.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Nikita Céspedes & Nelson Ramirez-Rondán, 2014. "Total Factor Productivity Estimation in Peru: Primal and Dual Approaches," Revista Economía, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, vol. 37(73), pages 9-39.
    2. repec:pai:chptup:16-01-03 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Nikita Céspedes & Maria E. Aquije & Alan Sánchez & Rafael Vera-Tudela, 2014. "Productividad y tratados de libre comercio a nivel de empresas en Perú," Working Papers 2014-27, Peruvian Economic Association.
    4. Nikita Céspedes & María E. Aquije & Alan Sánchez & Rafael Vera Tudela, 2016. "Productividad sectorial en el Perú: un análisis a nivel de firmas," Chapters of Books,in: Nikita Céspedes & Pablo Lavado & Nelson Ramírez Rondán (ed.), Productividad en el Perú: medición, determinantes e implicancias, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 3, pages 70-92 Fondo Editorial, Universidad del Pacífico.
    5. Céspedes, Nikita & Rendón, Silvio, 2012. "La elasticidad de oferta laboral de Frisch en economías con alta movilidad laboral," Working Papers 2012-017, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Minimum wage; Labor mobility; Income dynamics; Informality.;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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