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Minimum wage and job mobility

  • Nikita Céspedes

    (Departamento de Economía de la PUCP y Banco Central de la Reserva del Perú)

  • Alan Sánchez

    (GRADE)

Se estudia los efectos de cambios en el salario mínimo utilizando una base de datos que registra 7 cambios consecutivos de este indicador (entre 2002 y 2011). Se estima que 1 millón de trabajadores tienen ingresos en la vecindad del salario mínimo. Los efectos sobre el empleo son decrecientes en términos absolutos según tamaño de empresa: efecto moderado en grandes empresas y efectos mayores en empresas pequeñas. Finalmente, se sugiere que los cambios en el ingreso están correlacionados con los cambios en el salario mínimo, este resultado se sustenta en los movimientos de la distribución del ingreso ante cambios en el salario mínimo y según un modelo que captura los determinantes del ingreso. Los resultados son robustos a la alta rotación del mercado laboral peruano, es decir al considerar las transiciones empleo - empleo en los cálculos.

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File URL: http://departamento.pucp.edu.pe/economia/images/documentos/DDD359.pdf
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Paper provided by Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in its series Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers with number 2013-359.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: published
Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00359
Contact details of provider: Postal: Av. Universitaria 1801, San Miguel, Lima, Perú
Phone: (511) 626-2000 ext. 4950, 4951
Fax: (511) 626-2874
Web page: http://departamento.pucp.edu.pe/economia/
Email:


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  1. Nikita Céspedes & Ana Paola Gutiérrez & Vanessa Belapatiño, 2014. "Determinantes de la duración del desempleo en una economía con alta informalidad," Working Papers 2014-2, Peruvian Economic Association.
  2. Card, David & Krueger, Alan B, 1994. "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast-Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 772-93, September.
  3. Bell, Linda A, 1997. "The Impact of Minimum Wages in Mexico and Colombia," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(3), pages S102-35, July.
  4. Robert H. Meyer & David A. Wise, 1981. "Discontinuous Distributions and Missing Persons: The Minimum Wage and Unemployed Youth," NBER Working Papers 0711, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Gerard J. van den Berg, 1998. "Empirical Inference with Equilibrium Search Models of the Labor Market," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 98-089/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  6. Dinardo, J. & Fortin, N.M. & Lemieux, T., 1994. "Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages, 1973-1992: a Semiparametric Approach," Cahiers de recherche 9406, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  7. Berg, G.J. & Ridder, G., 1993. "An empirical equilibrium search model of the labour market," Serie Research Memoranda 0039, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  8. David Neumark & William Wascher, 1992. "Employment effects of minimum and subminimum wages: Panel data on state minimum wage laws," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 46(1), pages 55-81, October.
  9. Jose Rodriguez & Minoru Higa, 2010. "Informalidad, empleo y productividad," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2010-282, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  10. Peter F. Orazem & J. Peter Mattila, 2002. "Minimum Wage Effects on Hours, Employment, and Number of Firms: The Iowa Case," Journal of Labor Research, Transaction Publishers, vol. 23(1), pages 3-23, January.
  11. Céspedes, Nikita, 2006. "Efectos del salario mínimo en el mercado laboral peruano," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 13.
  12. Miguel Jaramillo Baanante, 2012. "Ajustes del mercado laboral peruano ante cambios en el salario mínimo: la experiencia de la década del 2000," Capítulos de Libros PUCP / Chapters of PUCP books, in: Cecilia Garavito & Ismael Muñoz (ed.), EMPLEO Y PROTECCIÓN SOCIAL, edition 1, chapter 11, pages 357-402 Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  13. repec:dgr:uvatin:2098089 is not listed on IDEAS
  14. Miguel Jaramillo & Kristian López, 2006. "¿Cómo se ajusta el mercado de trabajo ante cambios en el salario mínimo en el Perú? Una evaluación de la experiencia de la última década," Documentos de Investigación dt50, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
  15. Gerard J. van den Berg, 1998. "Empirical Inference with Equilibrium Search Models of the Labor Market," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 98-089/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  16. Michele Campolieti & Tony Fang & Morley Gunderson, 2005. "Minimum wage impacts on youth employment transitions, 1993-1999," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(1), pages 81-104, February.
  17. Del Valle, Marielle, 2009. "Impacto del ajuste de la Remuneración Mínima Vital sobre el empleo y la informalidad," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 16, pages 83-102.
  18. Pereira, Sonia C., 2003. "The impact of minimum wages on youth employment in Portugal," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 229-244, April.
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