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Efectos del Salario Mínimo en el Mercado Laboral Peruano

Author

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  • Nikita R. Céspedes Reynaga

    () (Central Bank of Peru)

Abstract

El estudio muestra evidencias del impacto del Salario Mínimo (RMV) en el mercado laboral peruano. Se utiliza un modelo dinámico de datos panel por sectores económicos de la ecuación de empleo y se estima que existe una relación negativa entre el empleo formal y la RMV. La elasticidad empleo-RMV es aproximadamente -0,13. Esta evidencia se complementa al estimar que la probabilidad de mantenerse ocupado, en un contexto en el cual se produjo un incremento legal de la RMV, es menor entre aquellos individuos que perciben ingresos cercanos a la RMV (y entre jóvenes). Se reporta evidencia que sustenta la hipótesis de que la RMV es un referente en la determinación de remuneraciones en el sector formal. Asimismo, se encuentra evidencias sobre los efectos distributivos de un incremento de la RMV a favor de los trabajadores de bajos ingresos.

Suggested Citation

  • Nikita R. Céspedes Reynaga, 2005. "Efectos del Salario Mínimo en el Mercado Laboral Peruano," Working Papers 2005-003, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2005-003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Patricia Jones, 1997. "The impact of minimum wage legislation in developing countries where coverage is incomplete," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/1998-02, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    2. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví, 1998. "¿Crisis real o crisis de expectativas? El empleo en el Perú antes y después de las reformas estructurales," Research Department Publications 4149, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. Cecilia Garavito, 1993. "Mercado laboral e intervención del Estado: 1986-1992," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 1993-108, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    4. Gindling, T.H. & Terrell, Katherine, 2005. "The effect of minimum wages on actual wages in formal and informal sectors in Costa Rica," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(11), pages 1905-1921, November.
    5. Figueroa, Adolfo, 1998. "Políticas macroeconómicas y pobreza en el Perú," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 31180, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    6. William Maloney & Jairo Mendez, 2004. "Measuring the Impact of Minimum Wages. Evidence from Latin America," NBER Chapters,in: Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, pages 109-130 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Neumark, D. & Schweitzer, M. & Wascher, W., 1999. "The Effect of Minimum Wages Throughout the Wage Distribution," Papers 9919, London School of Economics - Centre for Labour Economics.
    8. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví & Máximo Torero, 2000. "Labor Market Reforms and Their Impact on Formal Labor Demand and Job Market Turnover: The Case of Peru," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 3269, Inter-American Development Bank.
    9. Lustig, N. & Mcleod, D., 1996. "Minimum Wages and Poverty in Developing Countries : Some Empirical Evidence," Papers 125, Brookings Institution - Working Papers.
    10. Céspedes Reynaga, Nikita, 2003. "Factores cíclicos y estructurales en la evolución de la tasa de desempleo," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 9, pages 199-221.
    11. Alida Castillo Freeman & Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "Minimum Wages in Puerto Rico: Textbook Case of a Wage Floor?," NBER Working Papers 3759, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Jaime Saavedra Chanduví & Eduardo Maruyama Sasaki, 2000. "Estabilidad laboral e indemnización: efectos de los costos de despido sobre el funcionamiento del mercado laboral peruano," Documentos de Investigación dt28, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
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    Cited by:

    1. Fernando Alberto Groisman & Albano Blas Vergara & Analía Calero & Julia Liniado & María Eugenia Sconfienza & Maria Soledad Cubas & Santiago Boffi, 2015. "Social Protection to the Informal Sector: The Role of Minimum Wage and Income Transfer Policies," Working Papers PMMA 2015-10, PEP-PMMA.
    2. Céspedes, Nikita & Sánchez, Alan, 2013. "Minimum Wage and Job Mobility," Working Papers 2013-012, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    3. repec:ilo:ilowps:433276 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jaramillo, Miguel, 2012. "Ajustes del mercado laboral ante cambios en el salario mínimo: La experiencia de la década de 2000," Documentos de Investigación dt63, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
    5. Jesús Palomino Samaniego, 2011. "Efectos Del Incremento De La Remuneracion Mínima Vital Sobre El Empleo Y Los Ingresos Laborales," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2011-313, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Salario Mínimo; Regulación Laboral; Demanda de Trabajo.;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy

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