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Informality and Productivity in the Labor Market: Peru 1986 - 2001

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  • Alberto Chong

    ()

  • José Galdo
  • Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví

Abstract

Peru has one of the highest informality rates in Latin America, with almost 60 percent of the urban labor force working at the margins of labor market legislation or in microenterprises that lack basic labor market standards (Marcouiller, Ruiz de Castilla, and Woodruff, 1997). This paper identifies two factors that can explain the variation in informality rates in the 1990s. First, Peru experienced a steady increase in employment allocation in traditionally “informal” sectors—in particular, retail trade and transport. Second, there was a sharp increase in nonwage labor costs, despite a reduction in the average productivity of the economy. In addition, the paper illustrates the negative correlation between productivity and informality by evaluating the impacts of the PROJOVEN youth training program.

Suggested Citation

  • Alberto Chong & José Galdo & Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví, 2007. "Informality and Productivity in the Labor Market: Peru 1986 - 2001," Research Department Publications 4526, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4526
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    Cited by:

    1. Nikita Céspedes Reynaga, 2015. "Crecer no es Suficiente para Reducir la Informalidad," Working Papers 2015-55, Peruvian Economic Association.
    2. Chacaltana, Juan, 2016. "Peru, 2002-2012: growth, structural change and formalization," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
    3. Mario Tello, 2011. "Indicadores Del Sector Mype Informal En El Perú: Valor Agregado, Potencial Exportador, Capacidad De Formalizarse Y Requerimientos De Normas Técnicas Peruanas De Sus Productos," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2011-310, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    4. Luis J. Carranza & Angel Melguizo & David Tuesta, 2012. "Matching Contributions for Pensions in Colombia, Mexico, and Peru: Experiences and Prospects," Working Papers 1232, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.

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