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Mining, political settlements and inclusive development in Peru


  • Cynthia A. Sanborn
  • Tania Ramirez
  • Veronica Hurtado


This paper examines how economic and political factors have influenced mineral extraction, governance and development in Peru since the late 19th century. It argues that the legacies of the past have weighed heavily in contemporary mining governance, but also points to moments in which shifting political alliances and agency aimed to alter past legacies and introduce positive institutional change. The authors identify three historical periods characterised by relatively stable arrangements for the distribution of power, each with implications for state-building and extractive governance. For the most recent period (post-2000), they discuss how the response of democratic governments to socio-environmental conflict has included the creation of institutions to redistribute mining rents, regulate environmental impacts and promote indigenous participation. However, they argue that political instability and fragmentation have inhibited the effectiveness and legitimacy of these institutions and of longer-term policymaking in general, which in turn helps explain Peru’s persistent reliance on natural resource extraction and the challenges to more inclusive and sustainable development.

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  • Cynthia A. Sanborn & Tania Ramirez & Veronica Hurtado, 2017. "Mining, political settlements and inclusive development in Peru," Global Development Institute Working Paper Series esid-079-17, GDI, The University of Manchester.
  • Handle: RePEc:bwp:bwppap:esid-079-17

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    1. Fort, Ricardo & Paredes, Héctor, 2015. "Inversión pública y descentralización: sus efectos sobre la pobreza rural en la última década," Documentos de Investigación dt76, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
    2. Haas, Peter M., 1992. "Introduction: epistemic communities and international policy coordination," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 46(1), pages 1-35, January.
    3. Manuel Glave & Juana Kuramoto, 2007. "La minería peruana: lo que sabemos y lo que aún nos falta saber," Capitulos de Libros, in: Grade (ed.), Investigación, políticas y desarrollo en el Perú, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 4, pages 135-181, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
    4. Torero, Maximo & Pasco-Font Quevedo, Alberto, 2001. "El impacto social de la privatización y de la regulación de los servicios públicos en el Perú," Working Papers 37758, Group for the Analysis of Development (GRADE).
    5. Eduardo Morón & Cynthia Sanborn, 2007. "Instituciones y actores," Chapters of Books, in: Eduardo Morón & Cynthia Sanborn (ed.), Los desafíos del policymaking en el Perú: actores, instituciones y reglas de juego, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 4, pages 65-88, Fondo Editorial, Universidad del Pacífico.
    6. Piero Ghezzi & José Gallardo, 2013. "Qué se puede hacer con el Perú: ideas para sostener el crecimiento a largo plazo," Libros PUCP / PUCP Books, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, edition 1, number lde-2013-01.
    7. Louise Cord & Maria Eugenia Genoni & Carlos Rodriguez Castelan, 2015. "Shared Prosperity and Poverty Eradication in Latin America and the Caribbean," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 21751, December.
    8. Abdul-Gafaru Abdulai, 2017. "Competitive clientelism and the political economy of mining in Ghana," Global Development Institute Working Paper Series esid-078-17, GDI, The University of Manchester.
    9. Rosemary Thorp & Geoffrey Bertram (ed.), 2013. "Perú 1890-1977: crecimiento y políticas en una economía abierta," Books, Fondo Editorial, Universidad del Pacífico, edition 1, volume 1, number 13-03.
    10. Ruiz Caro, Ariela, 2002. "El proceso de privatizaciones en el Perú durante el período 1991-2002," Gestión Pública 22, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    11. Gustavo Yamada & Juan Francisco Castro & Nelson Oviedo, 2016. "Revisitando el coeficiente de Gini en el Perú: El rol de las políticas públicas en la evolución de la desigualdad," Working Papers 16-06, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
    12. Shane Hunt, 2011. "La formación de la economía peruana. Distribución y crecimiento en la historia del Perú y América Latina," Libros PUCP / PUCP Books, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, edition 1, number lde-2011-03.
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