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Minimum Wage Effects on Hours, Employment, and Number of Firms: The Iowa Case

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  • PETER F. ORAZEM
  • J. PETER MATTILA

Abstract

Research on Iowa low-wage retail and service industries supports the view that minimum wages lower employment opportunities for workers. The sample period includes three successive changes in the Iowa minimum wage in 1990, 1991, and 1992, during which time the Iowa rate exceeded the federal minimum wage and that of its surrounding states. Firm-level longitudinal data which separated sub- from superminimum workers yielded employment demand elasticities ranging from -0.3 to -0.7. Hours elasticities were even larger, implying that the increases in minimum wages lowered earnings for subminimum workers. These findings are corroborated by analysis of county-level, two-digit industry data. Minimum wages also reduced the number of firms, but increased average firm size in these industries.
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Suggested Citation

  • Peter F. Orazem & J. Peter Mattila, 2002. "Minimum Wage Effects on Hours, Employment, and Number of Firms: The Iowa Case," Journal of Labor Research, Transaction Publishers, vol. 23(1), pages 3-23, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:tra:jlabre:v:23:y:2002:i:1:p:3-23
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. John T. Addison & McKinley L. Blackburn & Chad D. Cotti, 2012. "The Effect of Minimum Wages on Labour Market Outcomes: County-Level Estimates from the Restaurant-and-Bar Sector," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 50(3), pages 412-435, September.
    2. Dale L. Belman & Paul Wolfson, 2010. "The Effect of Legislated Minimum Wage Increases on Employment and Hours: A Dynamic Analysis," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 24(1), pages 1-25, March.
    3. Céspedes, Nikita & Sánchez, Alan, 2013. "Minimum Wage and Job Mobility," Working Papers 2013-012, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    4. Addison, John T. & Blackburn, McKinley L. & Cotti, Chad D., 2009. "Do minimum wages raise employment? Evidence from the U.S. retail-trade sector," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 397-408, August.
    5. Addison, John T. & Blackburn, McKinley L. & Cotti, Chad, 2008. "New Estimates of the Effects of Minimum Wages in the U.S. Retail Trade Sector," IZA Discussion Papers 3597, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Rohlin, Shawn M., 2011. "State minimum wages and business location: Evidence from a refined border approach," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 103-117, January.
    7. repec:bla:indrel:v:47:y:2016:i:5-6:p:513-529 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Christian Ragacs, 2003. "Mindestlöhne und Beschäftigung: Ein Überblick über die neuere empirische Literatur," Working Papers geewp25, Vienna University of Economics and Business Research Group: Growth and Employment in Europe: Sustainability and Competitiveness.
    9. Luca Colombo & Paola Labrecciosa & Luca Lambertini, 2008. "Are optimal punishments always optimal?," Working Paper series 01_08, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
    10. Nicole Coomer & Walter Wessels, 2013. "The Effect of the Minimum Wage on Covered Teenage Employment," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 253-280, September.
    11. Addison, John T. & Blackburn, McKinley L. & Cotti, Chad, 2008. "The Effect of Minimum Wages on Wages and Employment: County-Level Estimates for the United States," IZA Discussion Papers 3300, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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