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Impacto del ajuste de la Remuneración Mínima Vital sobre el empleo y la informalidad

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  • Del Valle, Marielle

Abstract

Este documento muestra evidencia empírica reciente de los efectos de corto plazo de ajustes en la Remuneración Mínima Vital (RMV) sobre dos variables reales del mercado laboral, empleo e informalidad. Estos efectos son obtenidos a través modelos probabilísticos de diferencias en diferencias. Los resultados señalan que si bien no existe efecto alguno en términos agregados, cuando la muestra se desagrega por rangos de ingresos, existe un impacto negativo sobre el empleo y un efecto positivo sobre los niveles de informalidad para algunos de estos rangos salariales. Si bien se demuestra la existencia de un efecto neto negativo sobre el empleo, este resultado tiene dos componentes que actúan de forma opuesta. Por un lado, existe un impacto negativo sobre el empleo formal, el cual es contrarrestado, más no compensado, por un impacto positivo sobre el empleo informal. Estos efectos implican un traslado parcial de la fuerza laboral proveniente del sector formal al informal para aquellos asalariados con ingresos relativamente cercanos al nivel de la RMV. Clasificación JEL: J08, J38

Suggested Citation

  • Del Valle, Marielle, 2009. "Impacto del ajuste de la Remuneración Mínima Vital sobre el empleo y la informalidad," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 16, pages 83-102.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-16-03
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    File URL: http://www.bcrp.gob.pe/docs/Publicaciones/Revista-Estudios-Economicos/16/Estudios-Economicos-16-3.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. David Neumark & Mark Schweitzer & William Wascher, 2005. "The Effects of Minimum Wages on the Distribution of Family Incomes: A Nonparametric Analysis," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 40(4), pages 867-894.
    2. William Maloney & Jairo Mendez, 2004. "Measuring the Impact of Minimum Wages. Evidence from Latin America," NBER Chapters,in: Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, pages 109-130 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Stewart, Mark B, 2002. " Estimating the Impact of the Minimum Wage Using Geographical Wage Variation," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 64(0), pages 583-605, Supplemen.
    4. David Neumark & Mark E. Schweitzer & William L. Wascher, 1999. "The effects of minimum wages throughout the wage distribution," Working Paper 9919, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, revised Feb 2000.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Nikita Céspedes Reynaga, 2015. "Crecer no es Suficiente para Reducir la Informalidad," Working Papers 2015-55, Peruvian Economic Association.
    2. Céspedes, Nikita & Sánchez, Alan, 2013. "Minimum Wage and Job Mobility," Working Papers 2013-012, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    3. Jesús Palomino Samaniego, 2011. "Efectos Del Incremento De La Remuneracion Mínima Vital Sobre El Empleo Y Los Ingresos Laborales," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2011-313, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    4. Miguel Jaramillo Baanante, 2012. "Ajustes del mercado laboral peruano ante cambios en el salario mínimo: la experiencia de la década del 2000," Capítulos de Libros PUCP / Chapters of PUCP books,in: Cecilia Garavito & Ismael Muñoz (ed.), EMPLEO Y PROTECCIÓN SOCIAL, edition 1, chapter 11, pages 357-402 Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    5. Jaramillo, Miguel, 2012. "Ajustes del mercado laboral ante cambios en el salario mínimo: La experiencia de la década de 2000," Documentos de Investigación dt63, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy

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