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Impacto del ajuste de la Remuneración Mínima Vital sobre el empleo y la informalidad

  • Del Valle, Marielle

Este documento muestra evidencia empírica reciente de los efectos de corto plazo de ajustes en la Remuneración Mínima Vital (RMV) sobre dos variables reales del mercado laboral, empleo e informalidad. Estos efectos son obtenidos a través modelos probabilísticos de diferencias en diferencias. Los resultados señalan que si bien no existe efecto alguno en términos agregados, cuando la muestra se desagrega por rangos de ingresos, existe un impacto negativo sobre el empleo y un efecto positivo sobre los niveles de informalidad para algunos de estos rangos salariales. Si bien se demuestra la existencia de un efecto neto negativo sobre el empleo, este resultado tiene dos componentes que actúan de forma opuesta. Por un lado, existe un impacto negativo sobre el empleo formal, el cual es contrarrestado, más no compensado, por un impacto positivo sobre el empleo informal. Estos efectos implican un traslado parcial de la fuerza laboral proveniente del sector formal al informal para aquellos asalariados con ingresos relativamente cercanos al nivel de la RMV. Clasificación JEL: J08, J38

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File URL: http://www.bcrp.gob.pe/docs/Publicaciones/Revista-Estudios-Economicos/16/Estudios-Economicos-16-3.pdf
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Article provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its journal Revista Estudios Económicos.

Volume (Year): (2009)
Issue (Month): 16 ()
Pages: 83-102

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Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-16-03
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  1. Mark B. Stewart, 2002. "Estimating the Impact of the Minimum Wage Using Geographical Wage Variation," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 64(s1), pages 583-605, 08.
  2. David Neumark & Mark Schweitzer & William Wascher, 1999. "The effects of minimum wages throughout the wage distribution," Working Paper 9919, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  3. William F. Maloney & Jairo Nunez Mendez, 2003. "Measuring the Impact of Minimum Wages: Evidence from Latin America," NBER Working Papers 9800, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. David Neumark & Mark Schweitzer & William Wascher, 2004. "The effects of minimum wages on the distribution of family incomes: a nonparametric analysis," Working Paper 0412, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
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