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Does agglomeration promote internationalization of Chinese firms?

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  • Ito, Banri
  • Xu, Zhaoyuan
  • Yashiro, Naomitsu

Abstract

Knowledge spillover from the agglomeration of exporters can reduce the initial costs of exporting faced by other firms and thereby facilitate exports. We use a large dataset of Chinese manufacturing firms to assess whether industrial agglomeration lowers the minimum productivity level required for exporting and whether it increases a firm's probability of exporting. Semi-parametric quantile regressions reveal that the productivity advantage of exporters against non-exporters is markedly smaller in agglomerated regions. Furthermore, a parametric estimation of an export entry model indicates that the agglomeration of incumbent exporters contributes significantly to export participation, although its magnitude is limited. These spillover effects are generated not only by the agglomeration of exporting foreign invested firms (FIFs), but also, more importantly, by that of indigenous Chinese exporters. In fact, the agglomeration of exporting FIFs only contributes to the export entry of FIFs.

Suggested Citation

  • Ito, Banri & Xu, Zhaoyuan & Yashiro, Naomitsu, 2015. "Does agglomeration promote internationalization of Chinese firms?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 109-121.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:chieco:v:34:y:2015:i:c:p:109-121
    DOI: 10.1016/j.chieco.2015.03.009
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    Cited by:

    1. ZHANG, Hongyong, 2015. "How does agglomeration promote the product innovation of Chinese firms?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 105-120.
    2. Hu, Cui & Tan, Yong, 2016. "Export spillovers and export performance in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 75-89.
    3. Zhao, Hongli & Lin, Boqiang, 2019. "Will agglomeration improve the energy efficiency in China’s textile industry: Evidence and policy implications," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 237(C), pages 326-337.
    4. Chenlu Tao & Jinzhu Zhang & Baodong Cheng & Yu Liu, 2019. "An Assessment of the Impact of Spatial Agglomeration on the Quality of China’s Wood Processing Industry Products," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(14), pages 1-17, July.
    5. Dmitriy Izotov, 2017. "Urban Economic Growth in the Chinese Heterogeneity Space," Economy of region, Centre for Economic Security, Institute of Economics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, vol. 1(3), pages 789-802.
    6. Jaroslaw Michal Nazarczuk & Stanislaw Uminski & Tomasz Brodzicki, 2017. "Local determinants of the spatial distribution of exporters in Poland: the role of FDI," Working Papers 1701, Instytut Rozwoju, Institute for Development.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agglomeration; Export; Spillover; Productivity;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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