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Local determinants of the spatial distribution of exporters in Poland: the role of FDI

Author

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  • Jaroslaw Michal Nazarczuk

    () (University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn)

  • Stanislaw Uminski

    () (Institute for Development; Faculty of Economics, University of Gdansk)

  • Tomasz Brodzicki

    () (University of Gdansk, Faculty of Economics; Institute for Development, Sopot)

Abstract

In the light of the hereto insufficient empirical evidence on the determinants of location of exporters and given the access to a unique GIS-based database for counties in Poland (LAU 1) on the distances to diverse points of interest (POIs) and infrastructure endowment, and data on regional heterogeneity, we investigate the deep determinants of exporters’ location in Poland. Our analysis is mostly driven by the concepts of NEG theory and the firms’ heterogeneity concept. With the use of econometric modelling, in the first step, we identify the determinants of regional location of exporting firms. In the second step, we try to identify the differences in the locational decisions of firms distinguished by ownership form, namely domestic and foreign-owned exporters. Our findings indicate the more predictable behaviour of foreign-owned exporters, for which the quality of transport endowment and inputs plays a more significant role in the decision in comparison to indigenous exporters, affected to a larger extent by deep-rooted factors and path-dependency. The locational preferences of FOEs are more influenced by the proximity to the airport and the motorways as well as subject to agglomeration externalities. The results point furthermore to the significance of accessibility to markets as evidenced by the role of infrastructure endowment and the role of the greater regional human capital endowment.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaroslaw Michal Nazarczuk & Stanislaw Uminski & Tomasz Brodzicki, 2017. "Local determinants of the spatial distribution of exporters in Poland: the role of FDI," Working Papers 1701, Instytut Rozwoju, Institute for Development.
  • Handle: RePEc:iro:wpaper:1701
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    File URL: http://www.instytut-rozwoju.org/WP/IR_WP2017_01.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2017
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Aitken, Brian & Hanson, Gordon H. & Harrison, Ann E., 1997. "Spillovers, foreign investment, and export behavior," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1-2), pages 103-132, August.
    2. Ito, Banri & Xu, Zhaoyuan & Yashiro, Naomitsu, 2015. "Does agglomeration promote internationalization of Chinese firms?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 109-121.
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    7. Greenaway, David & Kneller, Richard, 2008. "Exporting, productivity and agglomeration," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(5), pages 919-939, July.
    8. John H. Dunning & Sarianna M. Lundan, 2008. "Multinational Enterprises and the Global Economy, Second Edition," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 3215, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    locational determinants; the spatial distribution of exporters; regional trade; foreign investors; Poland;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods

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