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What attracts multinational enterprises from the new EU member states to Poland?

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  • Andrzej Cieślik

    (University of Warsaw)

Abstract

The main goal of this study is to examine empirically the determinants of multinational activity of firms from the new EU-12 member states in Poland during the period 1990–2014 using the negative binomial model. In particular, we test the predictions of competing theoretical models of the multinational enterprise to identify the investment motives for undertaking foreign direct investment in Poland. In addition to traditional country-pair characteristics such as absolute and relative market size and differences in relative factor endowments, in this study we account for cultural differences between the host and partner countries that may affect the cost of foreign investment. The assembled empirical evidence points to both market access and efficiency seeking as the main reasons for undertaking foreign direct investment in Poland by multinational enterprises based in the new EU-12 member states. However, cultural proximity does not seem to be an important factor in explaining the extent of multinational activity in Poland.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrzej Cieślik, 2020. "What attracts multinational enterprises from the new EU member states to Poland?," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 10(2), pages 253-269, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:eurasi:v:10:y:2020:i:2:d:10.1007_s40821-019-00122-z
    DOI: 10.1007/s40821-019-00122-z
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cultural proximity; Factor endowments; Multinational enterprises; New EU member states; Poland;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • P33 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - International Trade, Finance, Investment, Relations, and Aid

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