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Hunting High and Low for Vertical FDI

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  • Ronald B. Davies

    () (University of Oregon Economics Department)

Abstract

Recently the two dominant models of foreign direct investment (FDI), the horizontal and vertical models, have been synthesized into the knowledge capital (KK) model. Empirical tests, however, have found that the horizontal model cannot be rejected in favor of the KK model. This paper suggests that this is because the empirical specifications used do not allow the vertical aspects of FDI to manifest themselves. By extending the specification, I find evidence of vertical FDI. In particular, when I use the stock of FDI as my measure of FDI activity I can reject the horizontal model in favor of the KK model and identify countries for which FDI is dominated by vertical investment.

Suggested Citation

  • Ronald B. Davies, 2002. "Hunting High and Low for Vertical FDI," University of Oregon Economics Department Working Papers 2002-12, University of Oregon Economics Department, revised 01 Aug 2002.
  • Handle: RePEc:ore:uoecwp:2002-12
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Debaere & PEter, 2004. "Reversing the Perspective: Multinational Activity from Middle-Income Countries," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings 140, Econometric Society.
    2. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, September.
    3. Bruce A. Blonigen & Ronald B. Davies & Glen R. Waddell & Helen T. Naughton, 2019. "FDI in Space: Spatial Autoregressive Relationships in Foreign Direct Investment," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Foreign Direct Investment, chapter 2, pages 55-88, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    4. repec:exe:wpaper:00/05 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. McCorriston, S., 2000. "Recent Developments on the Links between Foreign Direct Investment and Trade," Discussion Papers 0005, University of Exeter, Department of Economics.
    6. Jagdish Bhagwati & Arvind Panagariya & T. N. Srinivasan, 1998. "Lectures on International Trade, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262522470, February.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign Direct Investment; Vertical Investment; Horizontal Investment; Knowledge Capital.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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