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Reglas fiscales y la volatilidad del producto


  • Montoro, Carlos
  • Moreno, Eduardo


En este trabajo extendemos el modelo neoclásico de Baxter y King (1993) para evaluar los efectos sobre el ciclo económico de dos reglas fiscales alternativas. Las reglas que analizamos son similares a aquellas implementadas en la práctica por algunos países, tales como limites al déficit fiscal estructural (que elimina los efectos del ciclo económico sobre la recaudación) y limites al déficit fiscal convencional. Enfocamos nuestro análisis en un modelo calibrado para reproducir las características de la economía Peruana. En este modelo evaluamos los efectos sobre la dinámica de corto plazo y las condiciones para la estabilidad del equilibrio. Encontramos que la regla de déficit económico estructural produce una postura contracíclica de la política fiscal, lo cual reduce significativamente la volatilidad del producto. Asimismo, encontramos que una condición para que la regla estructural pueda ser implementada es que el gasto público no financiero reaccione en proporción mayor a uno sobre cambios en los gastos financieros. Clasificación JEL: E62, H30, H60

Suggested Citation

  • Montoro, Carlos & Moreno, Eduardo, 2008. "Reglas fiscales y la volatilidad del producto," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 15, pages 65-92.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-15-04

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Baxter, Marianne & King, Robert G, 1993. "Fiscal Policy in General Equilibrium," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(3), pages 315-334, June.
    2. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 2007. "Optimal simple and implementable monetary and fiscal rules," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(6), pages 1702-1725, September.
    3. Chari, V V & Christiano, Lawrence J & Kehoe, Patrick J, 1994. "Optimal Fiscal Policy in a Business Cycle Model," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(4), pages 617-652, August.
    4. Ludvigson, Sydney, 1996. "The macroeconomic effects of government debt in a stochastic growth model," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 25-45, August.
    5. Guo, Jang-Ting & Harrison, Sharon G., 2004. "Balanced-budget rules and macroeconomic (in)stability," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 119(2), pages 357-363, December.
    6. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohé & Martín Uribe, 2006. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy in a Medium-Scale Macroeconomic Model," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2005, Volume 20, pages 383-462 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Gali, Jordi, 1994. "Government size and macroeconomic stability," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 117-132, January.
    8. Castillo, Paul & Montoro, Carlos & Tuesta, Vicente, 2007. "Hechos estilizados de la economía peruana," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 14, pages 33-75.
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    Cited by:

    1. Winkelried, Diego, 2013. "Modelo de Proyección Trimestral del BCRP: Actualización y novedades," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 26, pages 9-60.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
    • H60 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - General


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