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Fiscal Austerity in Emerging Market Economies

Author

Listed:
  • Dave, Chetan
  • Ghate, Chetan
  • Gopalakrishnan, Pawan
  • Tarafdar, Suchismita

Abstract

We build a small open economy RBC model with financial frictions to analyze expansionary fiscal consolidations in emerging market economies (EMEs). We calibrate the model to India, which we view as a proto-typical EME. When factor income tax rates are low, a contractionary fiscal shock has an expansionary effect on output. The economy's debt/GDP ratio falls, and tax revenues rise. When factor income tax rates are high, a contractionary fiscal shock has an expansionary effect on output if government spending is valued sufficiently highly relative to private consumption by households in utility. We identify the mechanisms behind these results, and their implications for actual economies undertaking fiscal reforms.

Suggested Citation

  • Dave, Chetan & Ghate, Chetan & Gopalakrishnan, Pawan & Tarafdar, Suchismita, 2018. "Fiscal Austerity in Emerging Market Economies," MPRA Paper 87086, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:87086
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Expansionary Fiscal Consolidations; Fiscal Policy in Small Open Economies; Emerging Market Business Cycles; Financial Frictions.;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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