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The ECB after the crisis: existing synergies among monetary policy, macroprudential policies and banking supervision

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  • Nuno Cassola
  • Christoffer Kok
  • Francesco Paolo Mongelli

Abstract

The prolonged crisis exposed the vulnerability of a monetary union without a banking union. The Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM), which started operating in November 2014, is an essential step towards restoring banks to health and rebuilding trust in the banking system. The ECB is today responsible for setting a single monetary policy applicable throughout the euro area and for supervising all euro area banks in order to ensure their safety and soundness, some directly and some indirectly. Its role in the area of financial stability has also expanded through the conferral of macroprudential tasks and tools that include tightening national measures when necessary. It thus carries out these complementary functions, while its primary objective of pursuing price stability remains unchanged. What are the working arrangements of this enlarged ECB, and what are the similarities and existing synergies among these functions? In the following pages, focusing on the organisational implications of the “new†ECB, we show the relative degrees of centralisation and decentralisation that exist in discharging these functions, the cycles of policy preparation and the rules governing interaction between them.

Suggested Citation

  • Nuno Cassola & Christoffer Kok & Francesco Paolo Mongelli, 2019. "The ECB after the crisis: existing synergies among monetary policy, macroprudential policies and banking supervision," Working Papers 424, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Dec 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:mib:wpaper:424
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    Keywords

    European Central Bank; monetary policy; banking union; banking supervision; financial stability; systemic risks; macroprudential policies; decision-making process;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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